Thermal Reduction of Iron-Manganese Oxide Particles in a High-Temperature Packed-Bed Solar Thermochemical Reactor

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  • Type:
    Conference Presentation
  • Conference Type:
    AIChE Annual Meeting
  • Presentation Date:
    November 18, 2020
  • Duration:
    17 minutes
  • Skill Level:
    Intermediate
  • PDHs:
    0.30

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The reduction of iron–manganese oxide particles in a high-temperature packed-bed solar thermochemical reactor is investigated using an advanced transient three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics model. The model couples the conductive, convective, and radiative heat transfer, reaction kinetics, and fluid flow in the bed with packed particles and interstitial sweep gases to obtain a detailed description of the transport phenomena in the bed. A reactor prototype that features a reaction tube confining the packed particles and a surrounding diffuse reflective cavity is tested under simulated high-flux solar irradiation to validate the model. The numerically predicted temperature profiles and oxygen generation rates are in good agreement with the experimental data. The validated model is applied to evaluate the thermochemical performance of the reactor. The calculated temperature profiles indicate that uniform temperature distribution in the reactive packed particles is achieved from the onset of the reaction. An energy rate balance analysis shows the instantaneous peak solar-to-thermochemical energy efficiency reaches 9.3%. The optimal operation conditions for the reactor are explored in a parametric study of the sweeping gas velocity and the concentration ratio of incident solar radiation.
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AIChE Member Credits 0.5
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AIChE Graduate Student Members Free
AIChE Undergraduate Student Members Free
Non-Members $29.00
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