On the Mechanism of Ethylene Di- and Oligomerization on Uniform d8 Metal Cations in Zeolites
- Type: Conference Presentation
- Conference Type: AIChE Annual Meeting
- Presentation Date: November 15, 2021
- Duration: 18 minutes
- Skill Level: Intermediate
- PDHs: 0.50
Activation of the strong CâH bonds in ethylene is demonstrated on d8 single atoms in the cationic positions of zeolites H-FAU and H-BEA under ambient conditions. The oxidative addition of C2H4 to the metal center occurs with the formation of a d6 metal vinyl hydride, explaining the initiation of the olefin-polymerization cycle on d8 M(I/II) sites in the absence of pre-existing MâH bonds. Post-reaction characterization of the two materials reveals that the active metal cations remain site-isolated whereas deactivation occurs due to the formation of carbonaceous deposits on the zeolites. Our findings solve a 50-year old mystery as to how ethylene di- and oligomerization occurs on metal ions in zeolites.
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|AIChE Member Credits||0.5|
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