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Asymmetric Alkylation Reaction at the Interface of Achiral Surfactant Assemblies

Source: AIChE
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  • Type:
    Conference Presentation
  • Conference Type:
    AIChE Annual Meeting
  • Presentation Date:
    November 19, 2020
  • Duration:
    14 minutes
  • Skill Level:
    Intermediate
  • PDHs:
    0.20

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In asymmetric synthesis, a reaction process using less organic solvent is preferred for environment, and aqueous reaction processes using a self-assembly are widely studied. Vesicles, in which amphiphiles spherically assemble with inner water pool, form a hydrophilic-hydrophobic interface and provide a reaction platform for hydrophobic substrates in water. Previously, the vesicles composed of achiral surfactant dilauryldimethylammonium bromide (DDAB) promoted asymmetric reaction of α-amino acid derivative, N-(diphenylmethylene)glycine tert-butyl ester (DMGBE) and benzyl bromide (b.b.). Furthermore, DDAB vesicles resulted different enantioselectivity of products up to temperature. To control the selective alkylation, the molecular orientation of substrates (intermediates) must be regulated at the membrane interface.

In this study, the distribution (adsorption) behavior of substrates onto DDAB membranes were studied to elucidate the reaction selectivity. First, DMGBE was added to the suspension of DDAB vesicles, and the UV spectrum was measured to indicate the state of substrate after interaction with vesicles. The peak around 250 nm, derived from DMGBE, shifted at 15 °C, suggesting that the deprotonated state (carbanion or enolate form) might be stable on vesicle. On the other hand, no peak shifts were observed at 30 °C. From these results, DMGBE could be differently adsorbed on DDAB membranes depending on temperature. The enantioselectivity of asymmetric reaction by changing the electrophile was investigated. The asymmetric reaction of DMGBE was performed on a suspension of DDAB vesicles using electrophiles. When b.n. was used, (S)-product was preferentially generated regardless of temperature, while, b.b. and a.b. resulted in the temperature-dependency on the product chirality. Although the membrane is constructed by achiral surfactants, the vesicle membrane can be act as the interface that control the localization of substrates, which provide a preferential interaction between reactants.

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Checkout

Do you already own this?

Pricing


Individuals

AIChE Member Credits 0.5
AIChE Members $19.00
AIChE Graduate Student Members Free
AIChE Undergraduate Student Members Free
Non-Members $29.00
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