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Synergy of Graphene Nanoribbons and Graphene Sheets for High-Rate Lithium-Sulfur Batteries

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    AIChE Member Credits 0.5
    AIChE Members $19.00
    AIChE Graduate Student Members Free
    AIChE Undergraduate Student Members Free
    Non-Members $29.00
  • Type:
    Conference Presentation
  • Conference Type:
    AIChE Annual Meeting
  • Presentation Date:
    November 9, 2021
  • Duration:
    20 minutes
  • Skill Level:
    Intermediate
  • PDHs:
    0.50

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According to the increasing demands for shortening the battery charging time, high current rate (C-rate) performances become more significant in practical applications. With a higher theoretical capacity, lithium-sulfur batteries are treated as promising candidates for the next-generation batteries. In this work, the utilization of graphene nanoribbons (GNRs) exhibits the benefits in conductivity and other electrochemical performances, especially for high-rate applications. With air-controlled electrospray as the method, carbon encapsulated sulfur particles, poly(acrylic acid), reduced graphene oxide (rGO) sheets, and GNRs are mixed and directly deposited onto the carbon coated aluminum collector, to employ as the cathode. The scanning electron microscopy (SEM) imaging exhibits that the two-dimensional structure of GNRs helps construct inter-connected networks. This improved structure of cathode can increase the electroconductivity, confirmed by the electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), and modify the porosity, indicated through pore size distribution profiles. In this way, the polysulfides can be more efficiently trapped and utilized, realizing the promising behavior with faster charge transfer. In terms of the cycling performance at 0.2 C, the batteries with GNRs can perform 18% higher in capacity than those without GNRs, without decreasing the charge retention. According to the rate-capability tests, systems with GNRs can achieve enhanced performance compared to batteries with precursor carbon nanotubes (CNTs), especially at high C-rates. At 2 C, with 80 wt % of graphene-based materials as GNRs, batteries can achieve an increase in capacity by 78% and 41% compared with systems without GNRs and those with CNTs, respectively. Accordingly, the results testify the synergy of GNRs and rGO sheets in Li-S batteries.
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Checkout

Checkout

Do you already own this?

Pricing


Individuals

AIChE Member Credits 0.5
AIChE Members $19.00
AIChE Graduate Student Members Free
AIChE Undergraduate Student Members Free
Non-Members $29.00
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