Risk Based Process Safety as a Useful Tool to Avoid Marine Accidents

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  • Type:
    Conference Presentation
  • Conference Type:
    AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
  • Presentation Date:
    April 22, 2021
  • Duration:
    20 minutes
  • Skill Level:
    Intermediate
  • PDHs:
    0.50

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Trade between nations has undoubtedly increased over the centuries with the use of merchant ships and the world fleet is growing every year achieving more than 3/4 of all world transport. New construction records are broken year after year, such as ship length and cargo capacity. Last year, the award for the biggest container ship built went to Hyundai Merchant Marine Co (HMM) which launched its “HMM Algeciras” in April 2020. “HMM Algeciras” has a capacity of 23,964 TEU (the twenty-foot equivalent unit is an inexact unit of cargo capacity often used to describe the capacity of container ships and container terminals), which surpasses the results of the 2019 record-breaker “MSC Gulsun” just for 208 TEU. New construction records are broken year after year, such as ship length and cargo capacity. Therefore, year after year as well the shipping industry witnessed more very serious marine accidents worrying the entire maritime community.

The International Maritime Organization - IMO is responsible for the safety and protection of maritime transport, among other functions. Its robust maritime accident database, has a total of 10,687 investigations recorded in the last 30 years (1990-2019). Over the past two decades, maritime accidents have not only continued to occur, but have also increased their frequency, making it clear that the ISM Code (IMO, 1993) was no longer able to fully assist shipowners (owners) to prevent the occurrence of these accidents. In the last decade, IMO started to use and consider the "human factor" concept as one of the possible factors that contribute to accidents. The evidence is the IMO publication “In The field job aid for investigators” (IMO, 2016). Thus, IMO was once again a beacon to guide navigators in rough seas in search of a new safety code that would meet the emerging demand. Unfortunately, the ISM was not enough, at least for those

accidents classified as very serious. Therefore, a more robust tool is needed. This new tool is RBPS - Risk Based Process Safety, which can perfectly contribute to the updating of the ISM Code or even assist in the development of a new code dedicated to the treatment of very serious accidents. The RBPS already brings the concept of the human factor in its 20 elements, based on three major fields of knowledge: technology, facilities and personnel, with great potential to become yet another beacon to guide navigators towards calmer waters. This is the purpose of this paper.

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Do you already own this?

Pricing


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AIChE Member Credits 0.5
AIChE Members $19.00
AIChE Graduate Student Members Free
Safety and Health Division Members Free
AIChE Undergraduate Student Members Free
Non-Members $29.00
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