Lateral Retention Force Required for Sliding Saline Droplets over Silianized Silicon Surface

Source: AIChE
  • Type:
    Conference Presentation
  • Conference Type:
    AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
  • Presentation Date:
    August 19, 2020
  • Duration:
    60 minutes
  • Skill Level:
    Intermediate
  • PDHs:
    1.00

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The lateral retention force required to slide a liquid drop on a surface is expected to increase with the time that the drop rests on the surface prior to sliding till it reaches a plateau. The molecular reorientation of the molecules at the periphery of the solid surface subjected to the unresolved vertical component of surface tension force causes this phenomenon. In this system, the surface tension of deionized water is increased by adding NaCl and is expected that the lateral retention force is increased proportionally with concentration. The retention force increased with increase in concentration reaching a maximum only to drop to a minimum with concentrations closer to saturation. That is, the lowest sliding force is required for both lower and higher concentrations of NaCl. This sudden decrease in observed lateral force is not a function of surface tension and the surface on which the drop slides. This phenomenon is associated with adhesion of salt to the surface and is supported by the drop sliding motion and depinning of the liquid from the solid.
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