Hybrid Synthetic Chemistry - Synthetic Biology Reaction Network for Reaction Routes Optimization

  • Type:
    Conference Presentation
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    AIChE Member Credits 0.5
    AIChE Members $19.00
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    Non-Members $29.00
  • Conference Type:
    AIChE Annual Meeting
  • Presentation Date:
    November 17, 2021
  • Duration:
    25 minutes
  • Skill Level:
    Intermediate
  • PDHs:
    0.50

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Computer assisted synthesis planning (CASP) accelerates the discovery of economical organic synthesis routes of pharmaceuticals and industrial chemicals, and synthetic biology, which has the potentials to engineer key synthetic steps, draws considerable attentions to chemical engineers. A hybrid system of synthetic biology and conventional chemical synthesis opens up opportunities for efficient (bio)chemical pathway optimization.

In this work, 21 million organic reactions from Reaxys database and all available (60 thousand) metabolic reactions from Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) database were digitalized and merged to generate a hybrid reaction network. The objective was to quantify the added values of the sparse metabolic dataset onto the organic dataset, for the guidance of retrosynthetic planning from target molecules to small precursor molecules. To do this, we assigned metrics for early-stage assessment of synthetic routes, including evaluating the carbon efficiency, capital costs of building blocks and length of synthetic steps. A reinforcement learning approach was employed to learn from the bulk simulated experience of synthetic routes generated from the organic, metabolic and hybrid networks. A reinforcement learning policy model predicted the expected values of all reactions in the chemical space, and given a target molecule, the model would suggest (near)-optimal multi-step reaction choices for retrosynthetic planning. The comparison among the three networks demonstrates the added values of metabolic reactions to improve redox efficiency, ease reaction pressure/temperature and enable synthetic shortcuts.

We also proposed a (near)-optimal synthetic route of a pharmaceutical, taxol, suggested by the policy model from the hybrid network. Organic synthesis of taxol was believed to be a challenge from previous CASP tools. Here we conducted later-stage assessment for the biochemical synthetic routes of taxol, including evaluating its ease of separation, exergetic efficiencies, sustainability and etc., to demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed synthetic route.

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AIChE Member Credits 0.5
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Non-Members $29.00
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