Dissolution Testing of Prednisone and Salicylic Acid Calibrator Tablets At Different Tablet Locations | AIChE

Dissolution Testing of Prednisone and Salicylic Acid Calibrator Tablets At Different Tablet Locations


Conference Presentation

Conference Type

AIChE Annual Meeting

Presentation Date

October 19, 2011


30 minutes

Skill Level




Dissolution testing is routinely carried out in the pharmaceutical industry to determine the rate of dissolution of solid dosage forms. This test is one of the several tests that pharmaceutical companies typically conduct on oral dosage formulations (e.g., tablets) to determine compliance. The USP Dissolution Testing Apparatus 2 is the most common of the apparatuses listed in the USP. However, it has been shown previously that the dissolution profile of a tablet undergoing dissolution in the USP Dissolution Apparatus 2 can be affected by the tablet location in the apparatus.

In this work, the dissolution rates of both non-disintegrating tablets (salicylic acid) and disintegrating tablets (Prednisone) were experimentally determined for many different tablet locations, both centered on the vessel bottom and off-center. The location of the tablet was experimentally varied in very small increments in order to determine the exact location where a transition in the dissolution profile occurred. It was found that in a small region (2-4 mm in radius) centered around the vessel centerline just below the impeller the dissolution profiles were similar to those observed with a centered tablet. However, outside this region the dissolution profiles were found to be significantly different, as indicated by the values of the Similarity Factor f1 and the Difference Factor f2. These finding are consistent with previous hydrodynamic investigations that showed the existence of a poorly mixed zone below the USP Apparatus 2 impeller. The results of this work can guide the practitioner on when to accept dissolution testing results based on tablet location.


Once the content has been viewed and you have attested to it, you will be able to download and print a certificate for PDH credits. If you have already viewed this content, please click here to login.




Do you already own this?



AIChE Member Credits 0.5
AIChE Members $15.00
AIChE Graduate Student Members Free
AIChE Undergraduate Student Members Free
Non-Members $25.00