Comparison between Steady State and Dynamic Pressure Relief Calculations

  • Type:
    Conference Presentation
  • Conference Type:
    AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
  • Presentation Date:
    April 1, 2019
  • Duration:
    30 minutes
  • Skill Level:
    Intermediate
  • PDHs:
    0.50

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Traditional pressure relief sizing calculations have typically used steady state equations to determine both the required relief rate and the pressure relief system capacity, for every applicable overpressure scenario. These equations are well accepted and understood, and are available in API Standards 520 and 521.

API Standard 521 is also open to the application of dynamic simulations when considering pressure relief systems calculations. Some overpressure scenarios are very dynamic in their nature, such as external fire exposure, abnormal heat input, vapor breakthrough and runaway reaction, to name a few.

Modeling overpressure scenarios dynamically can allow for a more acurate, less conservative, representation of the affected system; resulting in a lower relief requirement as well as an understanding how the system pressure and temperature changes over time.

This paper compares overpressure scenarios which are modeled using steady state calculations versus the same system modeled dynamically. It is intended to give the user a better understanding of the differences in the two approaches, as well as the benefits of applying dynamic simulation for specific scenarios.

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