Characterization and Performance Assessment of Oil Entrapment By Commercially Available Surfactants
- Type: Conference Presentation
AIChE Member Credits 0.5 AIChE Members $19.00 AIChE Fuels and Petrochemicals Division Members Free AIChE Graduate Student Members Free AIChE Undergraduate Student Members Free Non-Members $29.00
- Conference Type: AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
- Presentation Date: August 19, 2020
- Duration: 60 minutes
- Skill Level: Intermediate
- PDHs: 1.00
Oil spills occur frequently and are a threat to the health and safety of human society and the well-being of the environment and ecosystem. Remediating oil spills is an ongoing challenge. Surfactant based dispersing agents, such as the Corexit® product line, are widely used for remediation of oil spills mainly through direct application on top of the oil slick. This work encompasses the investigation of variables that influence the emulsification process and therefore the encapsulation of oil within the surfactant micelles. Of central importance are the conditions under which oil entrapment in emulsions even occurs. A central finding is that there appears to be a threshold shear rate for emulsifying oil with surfactants, below which no emulsification occurs. Different schemes for applying shear stress in this work included simply stirring, using a high energy colloid mill, and flowing the mixture through a high shear capillary. Also, the sequence in which the oil/surfactant/water (O/S/W) components are mixed impinges strongly on whether and how much oil entrapment occurs. To try to correlate shear stress and velocity profiles throughout the sample volume with entrapment efficiency and kinetic stability of these O/S/W systems, Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations were conducted. Another important factor is the ionic strength of the aqueous medium, which greatly impacts kinetics of these emulsions, but with a smaller impact on the threshold at which any emulsion is obtained at all. Surfactants tested include Corexit® EC9500A, sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), Triton X-100, and cetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB). The quantification of oil entrapment was performed through either thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA) or differential scanning calorimetry (DSC).
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|AIChE Member Credits||0.5|
|AIChE Fuels and Petrochemicals Division Members||Free|
|AIChE Graduate Student Members||Free|
|AIChE Undergraduate Student Members||Free|