Multiscale systems engineering has emerged as a way to understand and address the ever-growing list of global challenges related to energy and the environment. These challenges, many of which revolve around energy security, energy affordability, and the generation of lower-carbon energy, have prompted the development of powerful, hierarchical computational methods and algorithms. Multiscale systems analysis and evaluation requires the use of principal engineering components across scales that vary temporally and/or spatially.
In the March 2016 AIChE Journal Perspective article, “Multi-Scale Systems Engineering for Energy and the Environment: Challenges and Opportunities,” Christodoulos Floudas, Director of the Energy Insitute at Texas A&M Univ., along with coauthors Alexander Niziolek, Onur Onel, and Logan Matthews, identify four major research areas where multiscale systems engineering is having, and will continue to have, significant impact: CO2 capture, utilization, and storage; renewable energy; natural-gas-based processes; and the production of valuable chemicals.
Carbon dioxide capture, utilization, and storage. Computational methods have made it possible to predict physical properties of CO2 mixtures when experimental data are unavailable and to design tailored microporous materials for small-scale industrial...
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