CEP: September 2015

Learn about the different polyolefin production processes, their key operating parameters, and ways to use automation for improved quality control and higher throughput. Other topics this month include liquid nitrogen cooling, batch process automation, and process safety.

Editorial

Failure to Innovate

A recent Twitter post from Discover magazine, “20 Things You Didn’t Know About … Failure,” caught my attention and got me thinking about failures and mistakes. Curious, I did a bit of research.

I found numerous lists of famous people who failed, some multiple times, and sometimes miserably, before they succeeded at what they are now famous for. Among them: the Beatles, Ludwig van Beethoven, Winston Churchill, Charles Darwin, Walt Disney, Thomas Edison, Albert Einstein, Henry Ford, Bill Gates, Michael Jordan, Abraham Lincoln, Isaac Newton, J. K. Rowling, Steven Spielberg, Oprah Winfrey, to name a few. They picked themselves up, dusted themselves off, and started all over again, learning from their mistakes.

Read more

Making Plastics: From Monomer to Polymer

September
2015
Back To Basics
Pete Sharpe
Versatility, ease of manufacture, and relatively low cost make plastics some of the most useful materials for a wide range of applications. This article explains the chemistry and production processes behind two of the most popular plastics — polyethylene and polypropylene.

Cool Down with Liquid Nitrogen

September
2015
Heat Transfer
Oscar Beteta, Svetlana Ivanova
Many low-temperature processes leverage nitrogen’s cooling and freezing capabilities. Find out what methods are used in what applications and why.

Automate Your Batch Process — Part 2

September
2015
Instrumentation
Cecil Smith
A chemical engineer’s knowledge of the process is an asset to batch process automation efforts. Learn what aspects of batch process automation deserve special consideration, as well as issues on the horizon for this developing field.

Moving Process Safety into the Board Room

September
2015
Safety
B. Karthikeyan
Top management is often unfamiliar with the high-risk process safety decisions being made on a daily basis by plant managers. Incorporate this method into your management of change (MOC) procedure to ensure that all decisions are consistent with your organization’s risk-tolerance level.
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