Heavy refinery liquids such as fuel oil no. 6 and liquid asphalt are generally stored in heated tanks because at ambient temperatures they are too viscous to be pumpable. Studies have suggested that volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions from heated tanks may be underreported and may be contributing to the VOC inventory gap in some locations. Direct measurement of emissions from storage tanks is inexact and expensive, and reported emissions are based on equations that predict emissions based partly on thermodynamic principles and partly on empirically obtained values. The vapor pressure used in these equations has a significant influence on the resulting emissions estimate. However, in the case of heavy refinery liquids, the vapor pressure is very rarely measured. There is no agreed-upon method for measuring the vapor pressure of heavy refinery liquids, and there is no gold standard to compare to, so the accuracy of vapor pressure measurements cannot be quantified. Also, these materials have physical characteristics that present challenges during vapor pressure measurement. This presentation describes a project that was undertaken to identify the most reliable, convenient and cost-effective means of measuring the vapor pressure of heavy refinery liquids. None of the methods or mini-method instruments that were tested during the course of the project proved to be suitable, but much progress was made in understanding what needs to happen in order for the vapor pressure of these materials to be practically and reliably obtained.
Speaker’s Bio: Kirsten Sinclair Rosselot, P.E.,
Kirsten Rosselot is a licensed professional chemical engineer and a member of AIChE. She's been an environmental consultant for over 20 years and specializes in assisting clients with questions that thermodynamics can help answer. Her clients often need help with understanding emissions or releases that are technically difficult to estimate or with determining which of the substances or processes at their facility should be the focus of reduction, efficiency, and/or substitution efforts. For many years, she's been a regular member of technical peer review panels for EPA scholarships and SBIR grants. She taught an upper division/graduate student elective on pollution prevention in the chemical engineering department at California State University, Long Beach for two years and has co-authored many handbooks, textbooks, and other teaching and outreach materials.
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