Elements of Process Safety

Guidelines for Implementing Process Safety Management, 2nd Edition

June, 2016
The 2 nd edition provides an update of information since the publication of the first edition including best practices for managing process safety developed by industry as well as incorporate the additional process safety elements. In addition the book includes a focus on maintaining and improving...

Bhopal 30 Years Later

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 29, 2015
On the early morning of December 3rd 1984 a large release of methyl isocyanate (MIC) gas occurred in a pesticide production plant located in Bhopal,...

Planning Early for Compressor Surge Avoidance

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 29, 2015
Compressor stations are installed at regular interval to drive the flow of gas in a pipeline. The principal component of the compressor station is...

Fire from the Cascading Failure of an Oxygen Supply System

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 29, 2015
This paper discusses the investigation, findings, and root cause analysis of a fire due to the loss of oxygen containment in an ethylene oxide...

Chemical Incompatibility Matrices

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 29, 2015
Chemical Incompatibility Matrices Michelle R. Murphy and Surendra K. Singh ioKinetic, LLC 95 Stiles Road, Salem, New Hampshire 03079, USA murphy@...

CFD Modeling of Air Emissions from Controlled Flare Tests

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 29, 2015
Although significant progress has been made in developing technologies capable of measuring flare efficiencies and emissions in situ, essential...

Refinery Power Outages-Caues, Costs & Solutions

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 28, 2015
Unplanned refinery shutdowns hit company earnings two ways: lost production and potential liabilities for excess flaring and unsafe operations. In...

Cracking Furnace Line Flushing Pre-Commissioning

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 28, 2015
The abundance of low cost shale gas has led to numerous projects in North America to expand existing or construct new ethylene production units. Most...

Mercury Removal in Ethylene Plants: An Update and a Case Study

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 28, 2015
Ethylene producers have faced the challenge of feedstock contaminants for decades. Mercury is one of the contaminants often present in ethylene plant...

Case Study on SMALL-Scale LNG Facility Expansion

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 28, 2015
With the influx of natural gas production throughout the United States, the small-scale LNG market is growing at a rapid pace. One option to take...

Robotic Convection Bank Cleaning

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 28, 2015
Ethylene cracking heaters like other box fired heaters in the refining and petrochemical industry represent a significant investment in a plant...

Huaa...When Local Learning and Casual Sharing Is Not Enough

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 28, 2015
As a consequence of the Deepwater Horizon blowout and explosion, Bhopal and Piper Alpha, we have the PSM standard and SEMS rule. This helps ensure...

Developing Credible Scenarios for a PHA

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 28, 2015
OSHA’s Compliance Guidelines and Recommendations for the PSM Standard states “A PHA is an organized and systematic effort to identify and analyze the...

Toxicity-Hazard Index and the "Infinite Point"

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 28, 2015
TOXICITY-HAZARD INDEX AND THE “INFINITE POINT” Richard W. Prugh, Principal Process Safety Engineer Chilworth Technology, Inc., a Dekra Company 113...

Consequence Modeling of Dynamic Source Terms

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 28, 2015
While several dispersion modeling tools provide modeling tools for static situations, it is challenging to model conditions when there are several...

How Does "Deviation" Become "Normal"?

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 28, 2015
How does "deviation" become "normal"? How does deviation from established safe practices become institutionalized within an organization? Conducting...

Modelling Liquid Fuel Cascades with Open Foam

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 28, 2015
Modelling Liquid Fuel Cascades with OpenFoam M. Macchi1, J.X. Wen2*, K. Volkov1 and Y. Chung2 1Centre for Fire and Explosion Studies, Kingston...

Auditing Relief Systems Design Basis - Best Practices

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 28, 2015
Auditing Relief Systems Design Basis - Best Practices Ever since OSHA implemented their National Emphasis Program in 2007, facility’s pressure relief...

The Four Pillars of Industrial Energy Efficiency

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 27, 2015
Opportunities to improve plant performance and thus enhance energy efficiency across the CPI fall into four main categories: operational improvements...

CFD Modeling of LNG Spreading and Atmospheric Dispersion

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 27, 2015
LNG release, spreading and vaporization lead to the formation of a flammable vapor cloud with high VCE risk. NFPA 59A Standard for the Production,...

CFD Modeling of Large Scale LNG Pool Fires

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 27, 2015
The computational fluid dynamics modeling tool FLACS has been widely used for detailed consequence modeling of flamable vapor dispersion and vapor...

Understanding Gas Blowby Scenario Calculations

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 27, 2015
Gas blowby overpressure scenarios are routinely identified when analyzing vessels with liquid-level inlet control valves. Blowby can occur when this...

Eli Lilly PSM Implementation Case Study

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 27, 2015
Eli Lilly and Company (a global pharmaceutical firm) undertook an initiative to implement a Process Safety Management Program Globally at...

Reliability: The Next Revolution in Process Manufacturing

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 27, 2015
David Rosenthal, PE, CMRP is a Reliability Consultant representing his Reliability Strategy and Implementation Consultancy LLC firm. He previously...

Beware of the Black Swan

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 4, 2012
In 16 th century London, a statement that describes impossibility was referred to as a “black swan” because all historical records of swans up to...

Proven in Use (What's the Quality of Your Data)

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 4, 2012
To perform LOPA's, fault tree analysis, SIL verifications and other quantitative likelihood analyses requires data. As much as everyone wants data,...

Modeling of Ground Flare Pits

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 4, 2012
New LNG liquefaction facilities have been configured to include large ground flares to allow for the safe combustion of large volumes of combustible...

Using LOPA to Establish SILs for Power Outage Protection

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 4, 2012
Catastrophic incident root causes often may be correlated with power outages. An unanticipated power outage may be an initiating event that leads to...

Process safety status in China

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 4, 2012
Process safety status in China

Evaluation of Dispersion Models for LNG Siting Applications

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 4, 2012
The federal safety standards for LNG facilities under 49 CFR Part 193 approves the use of specific dispersion models for performing vapor-gas...

Societal Risk Criteria and Pipelines

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 4, 2012
The discussion of societal risk criteria for the process industry began in the 1970's, led primarily by the Dutch and British governments. Most of...

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