Capture of Carbon Dioxide With Tetraethylenepentamine-Functionalized Industrial Carbon Nanotubes

Advanced Fossil Energy Utilization
AIChE Annual Meeting
November 4, 2013 - 9:30am-9:45am

Industrial carbon nanotubes (I-CNTs) is a low-cost substitute for commercially available multi-walled carbon nanotubes (CCNTs). In this work , I-CNTs were functionalized with tetraethylenepentamine (TEPA) for CO2 capture. The performance of I-CNTs-TEPA was compared with that of CCNTs. It was found that I-CNTs-TEPA exhibited high CO2 adsorption capacity similar to CCNTs-TEPA. The adsorption capacity of I-CNTs-TEPA was in the range of 2.145 to 3.088 mmol/g depending on adsorption temperatures. Both adsorption isotherms of I-CNTs-TEPA and the isosteric heat of different adsorption capacity were obtained from experiments. H2O , SO2 or NO has been found to have no significant impacts on the adsorption capacity of CO2. I-CNTs-TEPA was further extruded to form granules (I-CNTs-TEPA-G) with a specific mold. The adsorption capacity of I-CNTs-TEPA and I-CNTs-TEPA-G remained almost the same after 5 cycles of adsorption/regeneration with adsorption conditions of 10 vol % CO2 , 500 ppm SO2 , 500 ppm NO , 100% relative humidity , and a temperature of 313 K. Having advantages such as low-cost , easiness in processing , high adsorption capacity , good poison resistance , and decent performance after recycling , I-CNTs-TEPA seems to be a promising adsorbent for CO2 capture from flue gas.

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