Structural Characterization and Model Representation of Vitrinite-Rich India Coal By Using Advanced Analytical Techniques | AIChE

Structural Characterization and Model Representation of Vitrinite-Rich India Coal By Using Advanced Analytical Techniques


Conference Presentation

Conference Type

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety

Presentation Date

August 19, 2020


60 minutes

Skill Level




The detailed investigation of the chemical structure of Karharbari coal (vitritine rich subbituminous coal from India) by utilizing advanced instrumental analytical techniques such as solid state 13C nuclear magnetic resonance (13C-NMR) spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), Flash-pyrolysis gas chromatography mass spectroscopy (Py-GC/MS), Laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectroscopy (LD-TOF-MS), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM). The Karharbari coal was an amorphous loosely organized lower rank coal with aromaticity 0.79. This was indicated by XRD results and also confirmed with 13C-NMR results (aromaticity =0.84) and FTIR results (aromaticity = 0.82). The average molecular weight of the aromatic cluster is 507 amu by NMR result which is closer to the result obtained by HRTEM (MW = 530.46 amu). The presence of different heteroatoms like carbon, oxygen, nitrogen and sulphur with their functionalities, were determined by using a XPS technique. Different carbon/oxygen forms present in the Karharbari coal are (C-C) and (C-H) 68.53%, (C-O) 23.46%, (COO-) 1.96%, (C=O) 6.05% and different nitrogen forms such as pyridine, pyrrolic, quaternary, oxidized and their distribution (mol %) are 19.36%, 45.68%, 31.25%, 3.71 respectively, and different sulphur forms were present i.e. corresponding to thiophenes, sulphones, sulphuric acid and sulphates with the molar content of 16.47%, 41.61%, 21.37%, 20.55% respectively. The construction of the individual molecules will be discussed in detail in the rest of this paper. The individual molecules were geometry-optimized and Materials Studio Amorphous Builder module was used to construct a three dimensional associated structure.


Once the content has been viewed and you have attested to it, you will be able to download and print a certificate for PDH credits. If you have already viewed this content, please click here to login.




Do you already own this?



AIChE Member Credits 0.5
AIChE Pro Members $19.00
AIChE Graduate Student Members Free
AIChE Undergraduate Student Members Free
AIChE Explorer Members $29.00
Non-Members $29.00