(365f) Comprehensive Assessment of the Stability of Amine-Grafted Mesoporous Silica during Cyclic CO2 Capture Using Steam Regeneration
AIChE Annual Meeting
2020 Virtual AIChE Annual Meeting
CO2 Capture By Adsorption I
Tuesday, November 17, 2020 - 9:00am to 9:15am
The hydrothermal stability of triamine-grafted, large-pore SBA-15 CO2 adsorbents was studied using steam stripping. Following two 3-h cycles of steam regeneration, lower CO2 uptakes, lower CO2/N ratios, and slower adsorption kinetics were observed relative to fresh samples, particularly at the lowest adsorption temperature (25 oC). CO2 adsorption measurements for a selected sample exposed to 48 h of steam stripping depicted that after the initial loss during the first exposure to steam (3 to 6 h), the adsorptive properties stabilized. For higher adsorption temperatures (i.e., 50 and 75 oC), however, all adsorptive properties remained almost unchanged after steaming, indicating the significance of diffusional limitations. TGA and FT-IR spectroscopy results for grafted samples before and after steam stripping showed no amine leaching and no change in the chemical nature of the amine groups, respectively. Also, a 6-cycle CO2 adsorption/desorption experiment under dry conditions showed no thermal degradation. However, N2 adsorption measurement at 77 K showed significant reductions in the BET surface area of the grafted samples following steaming. It is proposed that exposure to steam restructured the grafted materials, causing mass transfer resistance. It is inferred that triamine-grafted, large-pore SBA-15 adsorbents are potential candidates for CO2 capture at relatively high temperatures (50 to 75 oC; e.g. flue gas) combined with steam regeneration.