A key part of designing semiconductors is engineering them with built-in strain, which changes the semi-conductors’ optical and electrical properties. That’s old news for standard, 3D semiconductors. But now, researchers have found a way to engineer strain into cutting-edge two-dimensional (2D) semiconductor materials.
2D transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs) are relatively new materials that have scientists and engineers excited about their potential uses in optoelectronics, energy storage, and nanotransistors. These materials, which include molybdenum disulfide and tungsten diselenide, can be a mere 1–3 atoms thick.
“They’re quite interesting, in a way, because they are not quite a molecule and they’re not quite a traditional semiconductor,” says Ali Javey, a professor of electrical engineering and computer science at the Univ. of California, Berkeley. “Their properties lie somewhere in between.”
Research on these materials is still in the fundamental science stage, but the hope, Javey says, is that...
Would you like to reuse content from CEP Magazine? It’s easy to request permission to reuse content. Simply click here to connect instantly to licensing services, where you can choose from a list of options regarding how you would like to reuse the desired content and complete the transaction.