CEP: February 2007 After taking three months of maternity leave, I've finally made my way back into the workforce. And now that I've welcomed the latest addition to my family, it's appropriate for me to update you on the latest additions to CEP... Share Use LOPA to Determine Protective System Requirements February2007SafetyW. Kent GoddardThis article explains how to use layers of protection analysis (LOPA) to evaluate various process safeguards, determine if safety instrumented functions are required, and establish what safety integrity levels are needed to reduce risks to tolerable... Efficient Technology Evaluation February2007Critical IssuesFrancesco Citro, Reuel ShinnarTo stay competitive in today's economic climate, rapid and effective assessments of new technologies is a must. Requiring a minimal amount of data, this powerful method can effectively evaluate new ideas and research programs at an early stage... Apply an Integrated Approach to Catalytic Process Design February2007Reactions and SeparationsMitrajit Mukherjee, James Nehlsen, Richard V. PorcelliTo ensure a practical, efficient and economically viable process, first consider how a successful catalytic reaction system would work, then focus on making a catalyst with the desired characteristics. Controlling Emissions During Cold Furnace Startup February2007Environmental ManagementWes Bussman, Jianhui Hong, Charles E. Baukal Jr., Richard T. WaibelHigh carbon monoxide emissions from a furnace while its temperature is being ramped up can exceed permit limits if appropriate measures are not taken. Here are a few suggestions. Copyright Permissions: Would you like to reuse content from CEP Magazine or purchase an article reprint? Learn more about Reprints and Permissions.