Evaluation Protocol for Source Term Models | AIChE

Evaluation Protocol for Source Term Models


Conference Presentation

Conference Type

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety

Presentation Date

March 13, 2023


23 minutes

Skill Level




The siting of LNG facilities requires several types of hazards to be quantified so the risk to the public and public property in areas surrounding each facility can be properly assessed. In order to quantify the hazards from potential accident scenarios, computational tools must be used. Given the multiplicity of tools available, ranging from empirical models to 3D computational fluid dynamics packages, the agency reviewing the project application may not have the methodologies or protocols necessary to determine the suitability of a given model to a certain scenario, its accuracy and any other setup requirements.

A critical step in assessing the consequences of a hazardous fluid release is the characterization of the “source term”, that is, the quantification of the release rate and the conditions of the release. In fact, an error in the source term will propagate to the calculation of the consequences of the release (e.g., flammable dispersion, jet fires, etc.). Therefore, model evaluation needs to include the characterization of the source term.

This paper describes the Model Evaluation Protocol (MEP) developed for source term models used for LNG facility siting studies. The paper will discuss the evaluation methodology, including the information to be submitted by the model proponents and the review process, the data set to be used for model validation, and the criteria to evaluate each model and to define their respective validation factors (i.e., safety factors).


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