(208c) Magnetic Field Enhanced Press-Filtration
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
2006 Spring Meeting & 2nd Global Congress on Process Safety
Fifth World Congress on Particle Technology
Solid Liquid Separation - I
Wednesday, April 26, 2006 - 1:40pm to 2:00pm
The proposed hybrid process represents a new application of a magnetic field which directly influences a classical press filtration. The new technology offers high potential in the field of magnetic nano-scale pigment production and iron oxide processing as well as bio-separation with functionalized magnetic particles. Especially in the field of nano-scale particulate product systems high specific cake resistances result in slow cake building and dewatering kinetics, which leads to economic inefficiency. Experimental and theoretical investigations show that the magnetic field has strong influence on cake building. Two major effects were observed: I) In inhomogeneous magnetic fields magnetic particles experience a magnetic force counter directed to the pressure force, that results in slow down of cake formation; II) Interparticle magnetic forces lead to structured cake formation. This gives on one hand the possibility to uncouple fluid and magnetic particle motion to force a cake built-up in designated location of the filter chamber. The result is a big increase of the overall filtrate mass flow and therefore an improvement of filtration kinetics. On the other hand due to the particle's magnetization including the formation of an attracting north and south-pole chainlike agglomerates can be observed. This leads to a ?structured? cake building and therefore higher permeability. This work will show the effect of a superposed magnetic field on press filtration of ferromagnetic iron oxide particles (Fe3O4) in a lab-scale filter press.
This paper has an Extended Abstract file available; you must purchase the conference proceedings to access it.
Do you already own this?
Log In for instructions on accessing this content.
|AIChE Graduate Student Members||Free|
|AIChE Undergraduate Student Members||Free|