(620g) Structure and Stability of Peptoid Nanosheets and Nanotubes: Computation, Experiment, and Theory | AIChE

(620g) Structure and Stability of Peptoid Nanosheets and Nanotubes: Computation, Experiment, and Theory


Ferguson, A. - Presenter, University of Chicago
Zhao, M., LANL
Zhang, S., University of Washington
Zheng, R., University of Washington
Alamdari, S., University of Washington
Mundy, C., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Pfaendtner, J., University of Washington
Pozzo, L., University of Washington
Chen, C., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
De Yoreo, J. J., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Peptoids (N-substituted glycines) are a group of highly controllable peptidomimetic polymers. Amphiphilic diblock peptoids have been engineered to assemble in solution into crystalline nanospheres, nanofibrils, nanosheets, and nanotubes with biochemical, biomedical, and bioengineering applications. The mechanical properties of peptoid nanoaggregates and their relationship to the emergent self-assembled morphologies have been relatively unexplored and are critical for the rational design of peptoid nanomaterials. In this work, we consider a family of amphiphilic diblock peptoids consisting of a prototypical tube-former Nbrpm6Nc6, a prototypical sheet-former Nbrpe6Nc6, and an intermediate sequence that forms mixed structures (NbrpeNbrpm)3Nc6. We combine all-atom molecular dynamics simulations and atomic force microscopy to determine the mechanical properties of the self-assembled 2D crystalline nanosheets and relate these properties to the observed self-assembled morphologies. We find good agreement between our computational predictions and experimental measurements of Young's modulus of crystalline nanosheets. A computational analysis of the bending modulus along the two axes of the planar crystalline nanosheets reveals bending to be more favorable along the axis in which the peptoids stack by interdigitation of the side chains compared to that in which they form columnar crystals with pi-stacked side chains. We construct molecular models of nanotubes of the Nbrpm6Nc6 tube-forming peptoid and predict a stability optimum in good agreement with experimental measurements. A theoretical model of nanotube stability suggests that this optimum is a free energy minimum corresponding to a "Goldilocks" tube radius at which capillary wave fluctuations in the tube wall are minimized.