(425f) Centrifugal Force Spinnning and Spinnability of Polymer Solutions | AIChE

(425f) Centrifugal Force Spinnning and Spinnability of Polymer Solutions


Slykas, C. - Presenter, University of Hasselt
Edano, L., University of Illinois Chicago
Martinez, C., University of Chicago
Merchiers, J., University of Hasselt
Reddy, N., Katholieke Universiteit
Sharma, V., University of Illinois At Chicago
Designing application-ready fibers involves multifaceted challenges related to correlating the formulation properties and processing parameters to the fiber engineering trifecta of spinnability, morphology, and properties. Here, we characterize the influence of macromolecular and solvent properties on the trifecta for poly(ethylene oxide) or PEO fibers produced using a bespoke centrifugal force spinning (CFS) set-up and matched processing parameters. We illustrate the influence of changing solvent on spinnability, morphology, and properties (thermal and mechanical) by varying acetonitrile (AcN) fraction in the spinning dope formulated with PEO dissolved in AcN:H2O mixtures. We contrast the numerical values of measured diameter, tensile strength, elongation-at-break, and crystallinity of centrifugally spun PEO fibers with the published datasets for electrospun fibers using the Berry number (or the overlap parameter) as the ordinate. We compile, analyze, and replot ES and CFS spinning datasets obtained for various solvents, PEO (Mw and c), and processing parameters. Even though distinct forces determine the jet trajectory and fiber formation for ES and CFS, we find centrifugally spun PEO fibers emulate electrospun fiber properties, morphology, and spinnability. We discuss the mechanism underlying volatile-entangled (VE) spinnability, displayed here by PEO solutions in certain AcN:H2O mixtures, in contrast to extensibility-enriched (EE) spinnability of multicomponent formulations, enabled by the addition of an ultrahigh Mw polymer fraction.