(417f) Permselective H2/CO2 Separation and Desalination of Hybrid GO/Rgo Membranes with Controlled Pre-Cross-Linking

Authors: 
Lin, H., The University of Akron
Liu, R., Oklahoma State University
Dangwal, S., Oklahoma State University
Kim, S. J., Oklahoma State University
Mehra, N., The University of Akron
Li, Y., The University of Akron
Zhu, J., The University of Akron
Covalent bonding is widely adopted in graphene oxide (GO) membrane to improve structural integrity and restrict swelling, while it comes with a price of enlarged d-spacing and sacrifices membrane selectivity. This work offers a facile strategy to break the tradeoff between membrane stability and selectivity. Specifically, graphene oxide (GO)/reduced GO (rGO) hybrid membranes were fabricated by a controlled pre-cross-linking method. With this method, restricted swelling by cross-linking and reduced d-spacing by GO reduction can be achieved simultaneously by controlling reaction time. Membranes were prepared on porous alumina support by vacuum filtration method. Two different d-spacing values (~12.0 Å and ~7.5 Å) were found in the hybrid membrane, representing the layer structures of expanded GO interspacing with inserted cross-linker and reduced layer spacing after GO reduction. The presence of such mixed layer structures enables restricted swelling, excellent mechanical strength, and unique separation property. The hybrid membrane shows excellent permselective H2/CO2 separation with separation factor of 24.5 and H2 permeance of 2.47 10-8 mol.m-2s-1Pa-1. In desalination test, the hybrid membrane shows high ion (Na+, K+, Mg2+, Cl-, and ) rejection rate of above 99%.