(322c) Hydrocarbon Chain Growth Via a Nonthermal Electrical Plasma Microreactor
- Conference: AIChE Annual Meeting
- Year: 2018
- Proceeding: 2018 AIChE Annual Meeting
- Group: Topical Conference: Innovations of Green Process Engineering for Sustainable Energy and Environment
- Time: Tuesday, October 30, 2018 - 1:20pm-1:45pm
Using a nonthermal electrical plasma, reactions that usually require high temperatures and pressures can actually take place close to ambient conditions. Instead of thermal collisions of molecules causing reactions, high energy electrons collide with molecules in order to disrupt bonds. In this case, carbon-hydrogen bonds are broken which allows for longer hydrocarbons to form. This process therefore transforms electrical energy into chemical energy.
Performing these reactions at the microscale level has the advantage of decreasing the space between the electrodes that create the electrical plasma. By reducing the size, less voltage is required in order to generate these plasmas which reduces the costs of the necessary power electronics.
Recent results of the chemical species produced by the process and the energy efficiency of the plasma will be discussed.