(174a) Revisiting Efficiency Limits of Solar Thermochemical Fuel Production By Non-Stoichiometric Ceria-Based Redox Cycling

Authors: 
Li, S., Australian National University
Wheeler, V., The Australian National University
Kreider, P., The Australian National University
Lipinski, W., The Australian National University
Synthesis gas (syngas) production via non-stoichiometric ceria-based solar thermochemical redox cycles has been investigated in aspects ranging from materials thermodynamics and heterogeneous reaction kinetics to transport phenomena in porous ceria structures to solar thermochemical reactor engineering.1,2 This technology promises relatively high theoretical solar-to-fuel efficiency. However, thermodynamic studies found in the literature employ inconsistent modelling assumptions, resulting in reported water splitting efficiency values varying broadly, from 0.04% to 40%.3,4

In the present study, we critically review thermodynamic analyses of previous pertinent studies. We focus on the thermodynamic description of the gas–solid flow configuration in the reduction and oxidation reactors. We present a new description leading to meaningful predictions of sweep gas and oxidizer demand based on conservation of mass and the Gibbs criterion. Further, we report on a novel optimization approach developed to accurately predict the efficiency limit at a system level for ceria-based metal oxides. We calculate a solar-to-fuel water splitting efficiency close to 8% for a system making use of a ceria-based metal oxide, temperature swings, pressure swings realized by inert sweep gas, gas–gas heat exchangers, and state-of-the-art gas separation technologies.

  1. Bader, R. & Lipiński, W. in Advances in Concentrating Solar Thermal Research and Technology (eds. Blanco, M. J. & Santigosa, L. R.) 403–459 (Woodhead Publishing, 2016). doi:10.1016/B978-0-08-100516-3.00018-6
  2. Wheeler, V. M. et al. Modelling of solar thermochemical reaction systems. Sol. Energy 156, 149–168 (2017).
  3. Ganzoury, M. A., Fateen, S.-E. K., El Sheltawy, S. T., Radwan, A. M. & Allam, N. K. Thermodynamic and efficiency analysis of solar thermochemical water splitting using Ce–Zr mixtures. Sol. Energy 135, 154–162 (2016).
  4. Krenzke, P. T. & Davidson, J. H. On the efficiency of solar H₂ and CO production via the thermochemical cerium oxide redox cycle: The option of inert-swept reduction. Energy & Fuels 29, 1045–1054 (2015).
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