(36a) Engineering Pathways to New Functional Polyether Materials | AIChE

(36a) Engineering Pathways to New Functional Polyether Materials


Lynd, N. - Presenter, University of Texas at Austin
Poly(ether)s derived from epoxides represent a versatile class of functional polymeric materials. Epoxide ring-strain depends little on monomer structure. This fact enables the potential for true compositional control of structure-property relationships in a macromolecular platform toolkit. Unfortunately, epoxides do not polymerize to high molecular weights and low dispersities by any method in common usage not requiring sophisticated synthetic skill and equipment. As a first step toward the democratization of poly(ether) chemistry, our lab has developed a class of stable, crystalline mono-µ-oxo-dialuminum (MOD) initiators that offer the control of anionic ring opening polymerization, but the tolerance to chemical functionality and access to high molecular weight of catalytic approaches. The MODs can be synthesized in a single step with purification afforded by direct crystallization from the reaction medium. The MOD-initiated living polymerizations create heterobifunctional materials at controlled molecular weights and with low dispersities. In this presentation, the historical context and inspiration, synthesis, mechanism, and finally the unique versatility of MOD chemistry will be presented.