(100f) Kinetic Water Stability of An Isostructural Family of Zinc-Based Pillared Metal–Organic Frameworks
AIChE Annual Meeting
2013 AIChE Annual Meeting
Adsorption and Ion Exchange Plenary: Fundamentals and Applications
Monday, November 4, 2013 - 2:15pm to 2:36pm
The rational design of metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) with structural stability in the presence of humid conditions is critical to the commercialization of this class of materials. However, the systematic water stability studies required to develop design criteria for the construction of water-stable MOFs are still scarce. In this work, we show that by varying the functional groups on the 1,4-benzenedicarboxylic acid (BDC) linker of DMOF [Zn(BDC)(DABCO)0.5], we can systematically tune the kinetic water stability of this isostructural, pillared family of MOFs. To illustrate this concept, we have performed water adsorption studies on four novel, methyl-functionalized DMOF variations along with a number of already reported functionalized analogues containing polar (fluorine) and nonpolar (methyl) functional groups on the BDC ligand. These results are distinctly different from previous reports where the apparent water stability is improved through the inclusion of functional groups such as −CH3, −C2H5, and −CF3 which only serve to prevent significant amounts of water from adsorbing into the pores. In this study, we present the first demonstration of tuning the inherent kinetic stability of MOF structures in the presence of large amounts of adsorbed water. Notably, we demonstrate that while the parent DMOF structure is unstable, the DMOF variation containing the tetramethyl BDC ligand remains fully stable after adsorbing large amounts of water vapor during cyclic water adsorption cycles. These trends cannot be rationalized in terms of hydrophobicity alone; experimental water isotherms show that MOFs containing the same number of methyl groups per unit cell will have different kinetic stabilities and that the precise placements of the methyl groups on the BDC ligand are therefore critically important in determining their stability in the presence of water. We present the water adsorption isotherms, PXRD (powder X-ray diffraction) patterns, and BET surface areas before and after water exposure to illustrate these trends. Furthermore, we shed light on the important distinction between kinetic and thermodynamic stability in MOFs. Molecular simulations are also used to provide insight into the structural characteristics governing these trends in kinetic water stability.