(312e) Modeling and Optimization Studies of Combined LNT-SCR Catalyst Systems | AIChE

(312e) Modeling and Optimization Studies of Combined LNT-SCR Catalyst Systems


Vemuri, B. - Presenter, University of Houston



one-dimensional two-phase model with global rate expressions for various
reactions is used to study the performance of combined LNT-SCR catalyst
systems. The LNT system modeled is that of Pt/BaO/Al2O3
catalyst with two different BaO storage sites,
designated as fast and slow sites. LNT model includes reactions that describe
NO oxidation, storage of NO2 in the form of nitrates during lean
storage cycle and reduction to N2 in the subsequent rich cycle with
H2 as a reductant. The SCR system
considered is that of Cu-ZSM5 and the model includes NO oxidation, ammonia
storage and oxidation, selective catalytic reduction of NO, NO2 and
formation of N2O. Model predicts the spatio-temporal
concentration profiles of reactants and products inside the channel, which gives
insight into the performance of each LNT and SCR catalyst during operation. It
has been found that series arrangement of alternate LNT and SCR catalyst, by
dividing them into equal halves, substantially improves NOx
conversion. For fixed total catalyst length as the number of divisions
increase, NOx conversion increases and
reaches a limit which is theoretically equivalent to that of mixed catalyst. It
is also observed that for fixed length of LNT catalyst better DeNOx performance is obtained by increasing the
length of SCR catalyst in the alternate arrangement. Spatio-temporal
profiles indicate complete storage of NH3 on SCR catalyst which can
be efficiently used to reduce NOx slipping
out of LNT. Various catalyst arrangements, the effect of different catalyst
loading and rich cycle time are investigated in the present work.