(142w) Elastic Modulus and Hardness Studies of Single Crystal Zeolites Mfi, Fer, and Cha
AIChE Annual Meeting
2005 Annual Meeting
Materials Engineering and Sciences Division
MESD Poster Session
Monday, October 31, 2005 - 6:00pm to 8:30pm
Zeolites have found various commercial uses in the
catalysis, adsorption, and ion exchange industries. As such, the mechanical properties
of zeolites have not been well studied. However, as zeolites find more uses in
other areas, strength and hardness are becoming critical parameters. For
example, pure-silica zeolites are a strong candidate for a replacement
low-dielectric constant (low-k) material for next-generation microprocessors.
In order to survive the chemical-mechanical processing steps, the semiconductor
industry generally acknowledges a minimum threshold value of 6 GPa for these
materials. Both amorphous porous silicas and zeolites have been proposed as
low-k alternatives, and we hypothesize that the highly ordered and highly
crystalline nature of zeolites will result in a higher mechanical strength than
the amorphous silicas.
The mechanical properties have previously been measured for zeolite thin films,
and the strength and hardness of single zeolite crystals will further the
understanding of the high mechanical strength of the films.
We report for the first time elastic modulus and hardness values by
nanoindentation for single zeolite crystals with CHA, MFI, and FER-type structures.
Multiple-load displacement curves resulted in consistent data points, and the
elastic moduli for the crystals ranged from 40 to 50 GPa and the hardness was 6
to 8 GPa. These values were consistently higher than amorphous silicas of