(335d) How Critical Is the Wall Cohesion for Flow of Cohesive Powders? the Cases of Tablet Press Feeder and Hopper Screw Feeder | AIChE

(335d) How Critical Is the Wall Cohesion for Flow of Cohesive Powders? the Cases of Tablet Press Feeder and Hopper Screw Feeder


Chakraborty, J. - Presenter, Indian Institute of Technology
Sharma, A., Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur
Mahto, L., Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur
Tripathi, A., Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay
Kumar, J., Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur
Ketterhagen, W., Abbvie
Sen, M., Rutgers University
The cohesion between powder particles and process equipment walls are important factors affecting the flow of the bulk powder. Such effects are seen in experiments as well as in Discrete Element Method (DEM) simulations. However, most of the present DEM studies do not differentiate between the particle-particle and particle wall cohesion and identical values are assumed for both pairs. In this study we will show that it is important to assume appropriate and different values for these two kinds of cohesions and simulation results change significantly if this difference is ignored. We take the examples of the Tablet Press Feeder (TPF)[1] and the Hopper Screw Feeder (HSF)[2,3] to demonstrate these ideas.

DEM studies have been conducted for the TPF and HSF using LIGGGHTS public where SJKR2 (Simplified JKR) model has been used for cohesion. The particle-wall cohesion (P-W) was varied from zero to that of the particle-particle cohesion (P-P) and the effect on the process performance was studied. For the TPF, if the P-W cohesion is significantly smaller than the P-P cohesion, large variations in the mean tablet mass and relative standard deviation are observed, as shown in Figure 1(A). A similar effect has been observed for the HSF as well. In this case, even a highly cohesive system (with CED = 100,000 J/m3) can flow well if the wall cohesion is minimum. However, the flow will stop by bridge formation if the P-W and P-P cohesion values are of comparable magnitude, as shown in Figure 1(B). Many more interesting features are also revealed in these simulations which will be presented in this talk.

[1] W.R. Ketterhagen, "Simulation of powder flow in a lab-scale tablet press feed frame: Effects of design and operating parameters on measures of tablet quality", Powder Technol. 275 (2015) 361–374. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.powtec.2015.01.073.

[2] J.W. Fernandez, P.W. Cleary, W. McBride, "Effect of screw design on hopper drawdown of spherical particles in a horizontal screw feeder", Chem. Eng. Sci. 66 (2011) 5585–5601. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ces.2011.07.043.

[3] Q.F. Hou, K.J. Dong, A.B. Yu, "DEM study of the flow of cohesive particles in a screw feeder", Powder Technol. 256 (2014) 529–539. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.powtec.2014.01.062.