Process Safety

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Process Safety Boot Camp

Public (classroom) Course
Offered in North America, this intensive and highly interactive 4-day course trains chemical engineers in the fundamentals of Process Safety. Taught...

Center for Chemical Process Safety (CCPS)

CCPS was established in 1985 to focus on engineering and management practices that can prevent and mitigate catastrophic accidents involving release of hazardous materials. CCPS is supported by sponsors in the chemical and hydrocarbon process industries and active worldwide via conferences, books, databases, education, research, and more.

Reduce VOC and HAP Emissions

June
2002
Environmental Management
Edward C. Moretti 
Follow this roadmap to understand the abatement technologies available for controlling emissions of volaitle organic compounds and hazardous air pollutants and the criteria for choosing among them.

Process Safety Beacon - Emergency Preparation - The Titanic Disaster

July
2012
Process Safety Beacon
More than 1,500 people died in the most famous maritime disaster in history. Thousands of pages have been written about the loss of the Titanic, and many documentary and fictional movies produced. Many focus on the construction of the ship and the actions of its captain and crew. Whatever the construction and operating issues, attention to one particular issue could have saved many lives — emergency preparation.

Choose the Right Chemical-Resistant Glove

January
2005
Safety
Julie Copeland
Many gloves offer protection from chemicals. This article will help you understand what type of glove can provide the best protection for your application.

Avoid Natural Gas Piping Hazards

January
2011
Safety
John R. Puskar, P.E.
Repairing natural gas piping is inherently dangerous. Follow these safety protocols to avoid potentially catastrophic results from improper installation and repair of natural gas lines.

Expanded Metal Networks: A Safety Net to Thwart Gas Explosions

December
2001
Safety
Robert E. Henry, Hans K. Fauske
Using active deflagration suppression is the usual way to prevent or mitigate gas explosions. However, this is not always practical. A passive method is now available - inserting a metal foil into the vessel to absorb the heat of reaction and...

Don't Let History Repeat Itself

August
2007
Safety
John F. Murphy, P.E.
Heed these lessons learned from investigations conducted by the Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board to prevent accidents at your site.

Managing Transportation Safety and Security Risks

October
2009
Safety
Brad A. Fuller
Effective transportation risk management (TRM) balances safety and security with operational efficiency. When developing a TRM program, use this comprehensive framework and these practical techniques to identify and screen risks.

Screening Reactive Chemical Hazards

May
2006
Safety
Yen-Shan Liu
Use these tools to identify potentially reactive chemical hazards and avoid the expense of conducting numerous detailed hazard assessments.

Simplify Reliability Analysis of Chemical Processes

July
2002
Safety
Farshad Nourai
Originally developed for discrete manufacturing, this method can be applied to process units to detect which components may fail, and correct the situation before trouble happens.

CEP: YPOV - Engineering Cyber Security

July
2012
YPOV
Arjun Gopalratnam
Between March and April 2010, a powerful but seemingly limited computer worm, now referred to as Stuxnet, infected computers around the world, beginning in Iran and spreading to Indonesia and India. A recently published book uncovers findings on the origin of the worm and raises concerns that are relevant to chemical engineers everywhere.

Addressing Combustible Dust Hazards

May
2011
Back To Basics
Michelle Murphy, Molly R. Myers, Judy Perry
Facilities that handle or generate dusts are at risk for explosions and flash fires. Follow this approach to understand and mitigate your combustible dust hazards.

Understanding Reactive Chemical Incidents

March
2004
Safety
John F.  Murphy
In order to avoid incidents involving reactive chemical hazards, it is useful to understand the types of chemicals and types of equipment involved, as well as the root causes of the incidents.

Should Your Organization Fly Warning Flags?

December
2009
Safety
Ian Sutton
In the safety culture of some companies, the first recognition of trouble may be a sudden and massive failure. Learn how to decipher the warning signals to avoid safety incidents. <BR><BR>

Predesign with Safety in Mind

July
2006
Safety
Palligarnai T. Vasudevan, Gael D. Ulrich
This article will help you develop strong safety instincts that will guide you in making critical decisions in the preliminary design phase.

Use LOPA to Determine Protective System Requirements

February
2007
Safety
W. Kent Goddard
This article explains how to use layers of protection analysis (LOPA) to evaluate various process safeguards, determine if safety instrumented functions are required, and establish what safety integrity levels are needed to reduce risks to tolerable...

Addressing the Hazards of Data Omission from MSDSs

April
2005
Safety
James C. Mulligan
If certain chemicals lack physical hazards data, suppliers must be proactive to keep workers safe. Here’s how to determine dust flammability and reactivity data for inclusion on MSDSs.

Plant Security Remains a Moving Target

May
2008
News Feature
Cynthia F. Mascone
While chemical companies work toward complying with existing standards, legislators are poised to revise those very rules — with changes ranging from minor tweaking to major overhaul on the table.

Classifying Reactive Chemicals

March
2004
Safety
William J. Rogers, Sanjeev R. Saraf, M. Sam Mannan
This simple classification scheme can be used to characterize the thermal instability risks posed by reactive chemicals in a process.

Create Effective Process Safety Moments

May
2010
Safety
Deborah Luper
Process safety topics are underrepresented in safety communications. Here are ideas on how to convey your organization’s safety priorities in messages tailored to the audience.

Controlling Risk During Major Capital Projects

April
2009
Safety
William Bridges
Think of process safety management (PSM) as a project deliverable, and follow these best practices for scheduling and performing process hazard analyses (PHAs) and completing other PSM requirements during key phases of a major project.

Use Logic Diagrams to Analyze Failure Mechanisms

June
2005
Safety
Thiago Tinoco Pires
Here’s how to construct and apply continuous-value and single-value network diagrams, which can better represent system failure mechanisms than other logic diagrams.

Reliability for Safety Instrumented Systems

September
2004
Instrumentation
J. Patrick Williams
This article offers a detailed reliability-based methodology for determining the safety integrity level of instrumented systems by providing overpressure protection where arrangements of multiple pressure-relief valves are impractical to implement.

Will IST Stall CFATS Reauthorization?

August
2010
News Feature
Matthew McKeon-Slattery
Debate over the Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards continues to revolve around whether manufacturers and processors will be required to incorporate inherently safer technology into their security plans.

Disinfect with Sodium Hypochlorite

March
2003
Safety
Anton G. Callery
Sodium hypochlorite is an effective alternative to chlorine gas. Follow these guidelines for its safe use.

Conduct an Effective Incident Investigation

September
2004
Safety
Frederick T. Dyke
Information that can reveal the root cause of an incident resides in many places — within the plant or process unit, in control rooms and offices, and even in witnesses’ minds. Here’s how to find the data and conduct effective witness interviews.

Reduce Thermal Risk in Industrial Synthesis

October
2001
Safety
Richard C. Wedlich 
Knowing the safe operating conditions for a reaction allows us to select appropriate safety measures and thereby lower both the likelihood and the severity of a thermal runaway.

Properly Purge and Inert Storage Vessels

February
2001
Safety
George R. Kinsley Jr.
Inert gases are used to prevent fires and explosions in the vapor spaces of equipment. Correct selection of oxygen concentration and inert gas flow rate are critical to ensuring safety.

Tackling the Human Challenges of Facility Security

February
2006
Safety
Bill Effron, Dennis A. Attwood
The increased complexity of security systems may come at the expense of the user. Thus, they must be designed to match their operators' capabilities and limitations.
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