The isobaric and adiabatic mixing of process streams can yield an outlet stream temperature that is either in between, higher than, or lower than the inlet stream temperatures. This article uses simulation to explore temperature-change scenarios in...
Dominic Chwan Yee Foo, Zainuddin Abdul Manan, Yin Ling Tan
This numerical technique for identifying fresh water and wastewater targets eliminates the tedious and time-consuming steps of graphical targeting approaches. Use it to complement the graphical techniques in the design and retrofit of water networks.
Charles Baukal, Mahmoud Fleifil, Jianhui Hong, Robert Schwartz
Advanced flare testing at full scale can help to ensure that the system operates as designed. This article explains what's involved and the parameters that should be measured and evaluated to demonstrate performance, reliability and safety.
Elli Maria Barampouti, Sofia Mai, Apostolos Vlyssides
Unlike time-consuming conventional methods, this approach to designing a dissolved air flotation (DAF) plant requires only the physical characteristics of the flocs — their size and density, flowrate and temperature.
The challenges of vaccine development are not limited to identification of suitable antigens, adjuvants and delivery methods, but include regulatory, technical and manufacturing hurdles in translating a vaccine candidate to the clinic.