Chemical Engineering Practice

Improving Reverse Osmosis Performance

September
2010
Reactions and Separations
Loraine Huchler
Follow these guidelines for monitoring, evaluating, and troubleshooting RO units to ensure reliable and efficient system operation.

Audit Your New EHS Software System

October
2004
Environmental Management
Jill Barson Gilbert
A post-implementation audit of the environmental, health and safety management information system evaluates how well the software meets user needs and its value to the organization.

Exploring Instrumentation Alternatives

September
2008
Instrumentation
Robert Baker
Salvaged, remanufactured, refurbished or new-surplus equipment may be a cost-effective option. Here's how to recognize when such devices may no longer meet safety or regulatory requirements.

Co-Inventors: Who Owns the Patent Rights?

June
2012
Patent Update
M. Henry Heines
A joint invention arises from the combined efforts of two or more inventors. Once a patent is granted, however, the inventors do not necessarily share in the rewards.

Practical Process Control: Tuning and Troubleshooting

December, 2009
Practical Process Control (loop tuning and troubleshooting). This book differs from others on the market in several respects. First, the presentation is totally in the time domain (the word "LaPlace" is nowhere to be found). The focus of the book is actually troubleshooting, not tuning. If a...

Chemical Engineering Faculty Directory: 2009-2010

December, 2009
This faculty directory lists the contact information of all the faculty members, placement administrators, and student organizations of almost 500 worldwide universities and technical institutes offering chemical engineering curricula. This offers a comprehensive reference tool that is unique and...

Basic Process Measurements

June, 2009
A unique resource for process measurement Basic Process Measurements provides a unique resource explaining the industrial measuring devices that gauge such key variables as temperature, pressure, density, level, and flow. With an emphasis on the most commonly installed technologies, this guide...

Fluid Flow for the Practicing Chemical Engineer

June, 2009
This book teaches the fundamentals of fluid flow by including both theory and the applications of fluid flow in chemical engineering. It puts fluid flow in the context of other transport phenomena such as mass transfer and heat transfer, while covering the basics, from elementary flow mechanics to...

Thermodynamics for the Practicing Engineer

June, 2009
Thermodynamics for the Practicing Engineer, as the title suggests, is written for all practicing engineers and anyone studying to become one. Its focus therefore is on applications of thermodynamics, addressing both technical and pragmatic problems in the field. Readers are provided a solid base in...

Crystallization of Organic Compounds: An Industrial Perspective

May, 2009
Filled with industrial examples emphasizing the practical applications of crystallization methodologies Based on the authors' hands-on experiences as process engineers at Merck, Crystallization of Organic Compounds guides readers through the practical aspects of crystallization. It uses plenty of...

The Yoga of Process Development

AIChE Annual Meeting
Nov 17, 2008
Process Development is analogous to Yoga. It is a ‘Yoga' – a disciplined process for integrating the essential components to create a vision of the ‘...

Chemical Engineering Faculty Directory: 2006-2007

February, 2007
This one of a kind directory conveniently lists the contact information for chemical engineering faculty members, department heads, academic advisors, student organization advisors, and placement officers at over 450 Universities worldwide. The directory's easy-to-use format lists chemical...

Chemical Engineering Faculty Directory: 2005-2006

January, 2006
This faculty directory lists the contact information of all the faculty members, placement administrators, and student organizations of almost 500 worldwide universities and technical institutes offering chemical engineering curricula.

Spray Dryers: A Guide to Performance Evaluation, 2nd Edition

August, 2004
Spray Dryers: A Guide to Performance Evaluation, Second Edition discusses the reasons for spray drying. These reasons are usually to produce a product with certain desired properties or with better efficiency than other methods. The book discusses how to plan in light of these objectives and gives...

AIChE Equipment Testing Procedure - Particle Size Classifiers, 2nd Edition

June, 1993
This procedure offers complete methodologies for sampling and measuring particle streams and summarizes methods of particle size analysis. It also lists operating variables to be considered and measured. Although the procedure is intended specifically for particle classification equipment, many of...

Reduce Unplanned Shutdowns

September
2003
Instrumentation
Cindy Scott
Today's intelligent devices are equipped with modern alarm technology that enables speedy delivery of critical information to key personnel, thus enhancing efficiency and minimizing downtime.

Optimize Energy Use in Distillation

March
2012
Reactions and Separations
Douglas C. White
Nonlinearities in the response of a column to changes in operating conditions and in common economic valuation functions can have significant impacts on the economic optimum energy consumption for the column. Here’s a way to account for such...

The Case for Double Mechanical Seals

June
2009
Back To Basics
Jack Berg
Using double mechanical seals as part of thermoplastic pumps can prevent costly downtime and environmental damage.

The Chemical Industry Phoenix

June
2012
Process Automation Corner
Terry McMahon
Seven years ago, I wrote a column for another publica­ tion entitled “The U.S. Chemical Industry: R.I.P.” This pillar of American economic strength, which a few years earlier was the leading exporter among U.S. manufac­turing sectors (with net exports of $15–20 billion annually), was shriveling due in large part to policy blunders and regula­tory mistakes.

Harness Electricity to Operate Valves

June
2012
Back To Basics
Justin Ledger
Actuators automate valves by converting an input signal into motion. This article explains the basics of electric actuator design and explores the different types of electric actuators.

Physical and Chemical Equilibrium for Chemical Engineers

April, 2012
This book concentrates on the topic of physical and chemical equilibrium. Using the simplest mathematics along with numerous numerical examples it accurately and rigorously covers physical and chemical equilibrium in depth and detail. It continues to cover the topics found in the first edition...

Run Clean with Dry Vacuum Pumps

October
2001
Fluids and Solids Handling
Jim  Ryans, Joe  Bays
The use of dry pumps is growing, replacing workhorse steam jets and liquid-ring pumps. Here is a comprehensive selection guide.

Track Condenser Performance

February
2003
Heat Transfer
Brad Buecker
An effective monitoring program can extend equipment life, improve operations, and yield substantial energy savings.

Pumping System Head Estimation

February
2005
Fluids and Solids Handling
James Anthony
These spreadsheets highlight losses, uncertainties and value of power used, helping you optimize pumping system designs and save on operating costs.

Avoid Problems in Process Water Systems

October
2007
Heat Transfer
Marilyn W. Blaschke, Roger D. Metzler
Prevent corrosion, emulsification and fouling by implementing these operational and chemical measures.

Examining X-Ray Technology

March
2009
Fluids and Solids Handling
Ray Spurgeon
Use X-ray inspection to see whether your product is contaminant-free and packaged properly.

The Flange Factor in Gasket Selection

September
2011
Fluids and Solids Handling
Dave Burgess, John Crandall
Gaskets should be chosen based on service conditions, as well as the type of flanges to be sealed. These principles will help to guide the selection.

Optimize Heat Exchanger Cleaning Schedules

June
2001
Heat Transfer
Brendan R. O'Donnel, Bruce A. Barna, Chris D. Gosling
Get the most out of your heat exchanger by evaluating the trade-offs between a one-time expenditure and reduced operating expenses, increased income, and/or longer operating life span. Brendan R. O'Donnell - Bruce A. Barna - Chris D. Gosling -

Take the Guesswork Out of FRP Corrosion

December
2001
Fluids and Solids Handling
Gunnar Bergman
The lifetime of fiberglass-reinforced plastic equipment and piping often depend upon previous experience. Here's a way to predict and prolong service life.

Optimizing Crystallizer Scaleup

June
2003
Fluids and Solids Handling
Wayne Genck
Explore how mixing parameters impact the crystallization process and recommend ways to improve the likelihood of successful scaleup. The concepts of nucleation and growth, types of mixing, design considerations, agitator parameters and scaleup...

Dynamic Capacity Modeling of Product Development

July
2004
Information Technology
Brian E. Hartman, Jospeh S. Alford Jr., Prashant B. Kokitkar
Avoid large work queues by proactively anticipating the resource needs of your company using dynamic capacity models.

A Simple Approach to Vapor Pressure Prediction

January
2007
Reactions and Separations
Andrew J. DeDoes, Matthew D. Goetz, Michael J. Misovich
This method reproduces the vapor pressure predictions of the Soave-Redlich-Kwong and Peng-Robinson equation of state with a simple Antoine equation that uses constants derived from critical properties and the acentric factor.

Computational Science: Enabling Technology Development

January
2011
On The Horizon
Anthony Cugini, Chris Guenther, Jinghai Li, Madhava Syamlal, Ning Yang, Wei Ge, Wei Wang
Computational science will play a key role in accelerating technology development and in the realization of virtual process engineering.

Applying Bus Technologies in Process Control

December
2002
Instrumentation
Ed Smigo
Fieldbus technologies have become increasingly popular in process control applications. This article highlights the practical applications and economics of various buses, so that an engineer can choose the best one for his or her process.

Matching Your Process Constraints Using Dynamic Simulation

December
2003
Information Technology
Iban Grau, Jose J. Macias-Hernandez, Miquel A. Alos
A rigorous dynamic process simulator can be used to evaluate alternative control strategies for an exothermic reacting process in order to improve its safety and product quality.

Designing Experiments for the Modern Micro Industries

February
2006
Computational Methods
Phillip H. Williams
Although the sparsity of effects principle is still good advice, we need to be careful of emphasizing it too much -- to the point that it becomes an assumed practice, rather than a useful rule of thumb.

Find Mixing Success Through Failures - Part 2

December
2008
Fluids and Solids Handling
David S. Dickey, Gary K. Patterson
Understanding when and why mixing fails in the laboratory is often the only way of avoiding a similar failure in a production-scale reactor. Here we examine mixing in stirred-tank reactors and provide guidance on scale-up.

Understand the Real World of Mixing

March
2010
Back To Basics
Thomas Post
Most chemical engineering curricula do not adequately address mixing as it is commonly practiced in the chemical process industries. This article attempts to fill in the gaps by explaining flow patterns, mixing techniques, and the turbulent,...

Don’t Let Baffle Tray Flood Baffle You

July
2011
Reactions and Separations
Henry Z. Kister, Matthew Olsson
Use this new correlation based on window liquid velocity to predict baffle tray capacity.

Squeeze More Out of Complex Columns

July
2002
Reactions and Separations
Piyush Shah
These distillation setups can cut capital and operating costs by up to 30%, and increase separation efficiency. Here is a straightforward method for evaluation.

Understand Temperature Change in Process Stream Mixing

September
2006
Heat Transfer
Anil K. Mehrotra, Dharmendra Tiwary
The isobaric and adiabatic mixing of process streams can yield an outlet stream temperature that is either in between, higher than, or lower than the inlet stream temperatures. This article uses simulation to explore temperature-change scenarios in...

Use Spreadsheets to Estimate Modeling Parameters

February
2008
Computational Methods
Tomas B. Co
Dynamic process modeling based on non-uniformly sampled data and multiple sampling runs, even for nonlinear systems, can be performed using spreadsheet implementations of the weighted-least-squares (WLSQ) and Runge-Kutta WLSQ methods.

Understand the Fundamentals of Centrifugal Pumps

October
2010
Back To Basics
J. Howard Kelly, P.E.
Efficient and reliable pumps can significantly improve a plant’s bottom line. This article reviews important concepts that a chemical engineer must understand and the factors that need to be considered when selecting radial-flow centrifugal pumps.

Understand Thermodynamics to Improve Process Simulations

December
2011
Computational Methods
David Hill, Fred C. Justice, P.E.
Selecting a thermodynamic model is an important step in process simulation — one that many engineers overlook. This overview of applied thermodynamics can help you choose the right model for your process.

Validate Your Engineering Software!

July
2001
Instrumentation
Michael  Tanzio
You really can't guarantee that applications work correctly unless you take specific steps to validate the software.

Don't Get Burned Picking Dry-Type Flame Arresters

October
2002
Fluids and Solids Handling
Stanley G. Grossel
These commonly used devices rely on an internal medium to extinguish flame fronts and take the punch out of shock waves, protecting piping, equipment and personnel. Selecting such equipment involves considering the probable type of combustion,...

Understand Flow Patterns in Glass-Lined Reactors

November
2004
Reactions and Separations
Christopher J. Ramsey, David S. Dickey, Keith E. Johnson , Kevin J. Bittorf
Physical modeling and computer simulation provide insights into the performance of a glass-lined reactor.

Safely Handle Powdered Solids

December
2005
Fluids and Solids Handling
Daniel E. Silva, Robert Zalosh, Russell Kahn, Stanley S. Grossel
Understand some of the accident scenarios that result in dust explosions, and follow these suggestions for preventing them.

Improving Heat Exchanger Designs

April
2007
Heat Transfer
Christopher A. Bennett, David C. King, R. Stanley Kistler, Thomas G. Lestina
This article defines and explains the factors that affect heat exchanger design margins. With the proper application of design margins, capital costs can be lowered and plant operations improved.

Basics of Centrifugal Pump Selection

May
2002
Fluids and Solids Handling
Bernadette Pyzdrowski, Drew B. Schiller, Kimberly Fernandez, Michael B. Smith
Tips for specification and operation that provide for cost-effectiveness and reliability.

Screw Feeders: A Guide to Selection and Use

February
2003
Fluids and Solids Handling
Hermann J. Feise, Steven W. Couch, Thomas L. Krieger, Timothy Bell
Gain insight as to what screw feeder is best for your application. Plus, learn how to size, specify and test screw feeders.

Guidelines for Selecting Sterilizing-Grade Filters

March
2005
Fluids and Solids Handling
Monica Cardona, Philip Blosse
Determine if your bioprocess needs a sterilizing grade filter, and if so, use these guidelines to select the proper one for your application.
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