2010

Fouling Mitigation of Quench Tower System

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Wednesday, March 24, 2010 - 8:00pm
Gas cracking plants are especially sensitive to fouling in the quench water section. One main fouling mechanism in the quench tower and in the...

Silencing Deethanizer Reboiler Condensate Drum Hydraulic Hammer

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Wednesday, March 24, 2010 - 8:00pm
A deethanizer reboiler condensate drum experienced hydraulic hammering when the reboiler operated at lower steam loads and when the column loads were...

The Effect of Turbulence on the Evaporation of LNG Spills on Water

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Wednesday, March 24, 2010 - 8:00pm
An important element of the overall risk of near-shore and offshore LNG operations is the behavior of spills on water: how the spill first interacts...

War Strategies to Guarantee Peace Time in a Primary Fractionator

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Wednesday, March 24, 2010 - 8:00pm
Braskem is a Brazilian petrochemicals manufacturer, producing monomers, resins and chemicals specialties. Its ethylene capacity is 2,500 Kty,...

“Compression System Check Valve Failure Hazards”

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Wednesday, March 24, 2010 - 8:00pm
Catastrophic equipment failure due to overpressure can potentially occur in the event of compression system discharge, interstage, and/or suction...

Designing for an LNG Loading Arm Failure

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Wednesday, March 24, 2010 - 8:00pm
Over the last few decades, LNG has vaulted onto the world stage as a viable candidate for future energy needs. Scores of studies have been done to...

Impacts to the Ethylene Supply Chain from a Hurricane Disruption

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Wednesday, March 24, 2010 - 8:00pm
Analysis of chemical supply chains is an inherently complex task, given the dependence of these supply chains on multiple infrastructure systems (e.g...

Imperial Sugar Refinery Combustible Dust Explosion Investigation

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
On February 7, 2008, at about 7:15 p.m., a series of sugar dust explosions at the Imperial Sugar manufacturing facility in Port Wentworth, Georgia,...

Safety Incidents in Ethylene Plants

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
Many similar safety incidents occur in ethylene plants throughout the world. While these should be well known to plant operators, our paper lists...

Evaluating Human Response to an Alarm for LOPA or Safety Studies

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
Many LOPA scenarios have an independent protection layer (IPL) credit for operator intervention to prevent or mitigate the scenario. It is often...

Complying with OSHA's RNEP, CNEP, and VPP RAGAGEP

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
The OSHA Refinery National Emphasis Program (NEP) and OSHA Voluntary Protection Program (VPP) PSM Supplement ask specific questions relative to many...

Elements of Human Factors Missing from Process Safety

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
Process safety is about controlling risk of failures and errors; controlling risk is primarily about reducing the risk of human error. All elements...

Investigation of an Explosion in a Gasoline Purification Plant

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
On May 24, 2007 an explosion and subsequent fire destroyed a tank farm located at a gasoline purification plant in Sløvåg, Norway. In addition to the...

Current Methods of Measurement of NO, NO2 and NH3

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
The measurements of NO, NO2 and NH3 have been a challenge for analytical chemists for many years. This paper will deal primarily with new advances in...

Technologies for Enhancing Refinery Gas Value

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
The trend of processing heavy and sour crude is resulting in 'fuel long' refineries which seek to export energy in the form of refinery fuel gas or...

Objective Analysis of PSM Audit Data

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
In developing systems for Process Safety Management, compliance audits are integral with verification that practices and procedures are developed and...

Furnace Safe Park DCS Tool

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
Properly managing the shutdown or “safe parking” of multiple steam-cracking furnaces during a plant-wide upset can be challenging. Alarm flood and...

Challenges in Hosting an NEP Inspection

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
An NEP inspection can be very resource intensive; OSHA has received over well over 10,000 pages of documentation at one refinery during an NEP...

Revamp Your Furnace – Enhance Technical & Financial Performance

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
Furnace revamps provide opportunities to enhance new technologies, add feedstock flexibility, increase production capacity, improve efficiency and...

Uncertainties in Modeling LNG Vapor Dispersion with CFD Codes

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) models have been widely proposed and developed to predict LNG vapor dispersion behavior and to determine safe...

Post-Combustion CO2 Capture Using an Efficient Membrane Process

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
Production of power from coal inevitably generates carbon dioxide (CO2) as a by-product. To mitigate global climate change, this CO2 must be captured...

OSHA Chemical NEP Panel Discussion

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
This presentation will provide additional time for the session speakers to discuss additional aspects of the OSHA Chemical National Emphasis Program...

A Framework for Human Error Analysis of Emergency Situations

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
Human factors play an important role in the escape, evacuation and rescue process. Human factors analysis is rooted in the concept that the frequency...

Feedstock Contaminants: A Case Study

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
An advanced characterization program was designed and implemented to identify the chemical nature of contaminants present in the feed to a flexi-...

Modification of Risk Using Barrier Methodology

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
Risk assessments use frequency data mostly from generic sources, typically from the North Sea offshore environment or from process facility records...

Options for Mercury Removal in Ethylene Plants

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
Ethylene producers have faced the challenge of feedstock contaminants for decades. However, with current industry transitions and surplus capacity,...

Metal-Adeninate Porous Materials for Selective CO2 Capture

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
We describe a new class of porous metal-adeninate crystalline materials. We describe the syntheses of these materials and discuss strategies for...

Full Potential Conversion of Vacuum Resids

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
Present vacuum resid conversion processes, either coking or hydroconversion, are far from achieving their maximum conversion. With the remaining...

Stripper Configurations for CO2 Capture by Aqueous Amines

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
A monumental task for improving the feasibility of carbon capture from the flue gas of coal-fired power plants is reducing the total energy cost. A...

Condensation Induced Water Hammer: Principles and Consequences

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
An explosion occurred in the boiler room of a food processing plant as the steam generation system was coming online after a maintenance shutdown...

Theoretical Screening Good Sorbents for CO2 Separation

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
Carbon dioxide is the major product from coal combustion and is released into the air and causes global climate warming which we are facing today...

Integrated Refinery Cracker, the New Paradigm

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
The new trends in crackers are higher capacity and heavier feedstock. This makes the integration between refineries and crackers significantly more...

Preparing for the Chemical NEP

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
On July 27, 2009, OSHA issued a National Emphasis Program for the chemical industry (“the Chemical NEP”). Pursuant to the Chemical NEP, OSHA will...

Enterprise Inventory Management in Volatile Markets

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 22, 2010 - 8:00pm
Hydrocarbon and other commodity prices are increasingly volatile due to factors which include speculation, reduced inventory and a lack of spare...

Flare Minimization at LNG Receiving Terminal

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 22, 2010 - 8:00pm
The LNG (liquefied natural gas) receiving terminal is an important sector of the entire LNG value chain. The handling of boil-off gas (BOG) during...

Loop Tuning Basics

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 22, 2010 - 8:00pm
There are many methods to tune PID controllers. This presentation provides a tutorial on tuning PID process controllers using Internal Model Control...

From Biomass to Ethylene: Steam Cracking of Bio-Synfined Naphtha

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 22, 2010 - 8:00pm
The recent high oil prices have focused research attention to alternative routes and feedstocks for the production of light olefins. The former was...

Advances in LNG Expander Technology

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 22, 2010 - 8:00pm
The first use of cryogenic liquefied gas expanders dates back to the late nineties. The proven advantages of incorporating liquid expanders in the...

Advanced Materials for Radiant Coils

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 22, 2010 - 8:00pm
Since radiant coils operate under severe conditions of carburization, oxidation and erosion tube material selection plays an important role. Schmidt...

Property Insurance Company Evaluation of Combustible Dust Hazards

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 22, 2010 - 8:00pm
This paper will discuss some of the key factors that FM Global insurance engineering representatives use in evaluating combustible dust hazards at...
Subscribe to 2010