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Process Safety Technical Areas

Engineering Pellets of Biomass Blends

Conference Presentation
AIChE Annual Meeting
Tuesday, October 30, 2012 - 3:15pm-3:45pm
Transportation and handling of lignocellulosic biomass are often challenging and expensive due to low bulk density, in the range of 60-80 kg/m 3 for...

Insights From Glucose Pyrolysis for Cellulose Pyrolysis

Conference Presentation
AIChE Annual Meeting
Tuesday, October 30, 2012 - 1:30pm-1:45pm
Experimental and predicted kinetics of glucose, the monomer of cellulose, provides quantitative and qualitative insights into the pyrolysis of...

Two Incompetent Workers; Too Close for Comfort ñ Part 1

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Wednesday, April 4, 2012 - 12:00am
Learning from experience is one of the four pillars of Risk-Based Process Safety. Incidents that occur at one facility often provide opportunities to...

Tutorial on Combustible Dust

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 3, 2012 - 12:00am
Recent catastrophic dust explosions, the combustible dust National Emphasis Program (NEP), and OSHA proposed rulemaking, have increased awareness of...

Social HAZOP At Oil Refine Industry

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 2, 2012 - 12:00am
Introduction Maintenance of process safety in the industry several tools are used such as Risk Analysis, Failure mode and events Analysis (FMEA), a...

Learning from Major CSB Investigations

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 2, 2012 - 12:00am
Learning from Major CSB Investigations

Operations Management Panel Discussion

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 2, 2012 - 12:00am
The intent of this session is to present and develop a framework for management of rotating equipment within the plant. The papers and panel...

Ignition of Dust Layers by Mechanical Sparks

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
Dust explosions represent a considerable safety risk in process industry. Statistical records of dust explosions show that 32.7 % of these explosions...

Inherently Safer Design – Not Only about Reducing Consequences!

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
Process risk is a function of both the likelihood of occurance of an incident, and of the consequences of the incident. There is a common perception...

Can Functional Testing Be Replaced by Inspection After Demands?

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
Safety instrumented systems are used to reduce the risk of major accidents in the process industry. To claim a certain risk reduction from such...

Flame Flashbacks: Causes and Prevention

Archived Webinar
Apr 7, 2010
This webinar addresses the principle of flammability of vapor/air mixtures, including flammability limits, ignition temperatures, the effect of...

How to Evaluate Process Safety Culture

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 22, 2010 - 8:00pm
At first glance it may seem that organizational culture is subjective and therefore difficult to measure. Indeed, even the definition of culture...

Fire Study of Melting Fiberglass Using FLUENT CFD Software

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Sunday, March 21, 2010 - 8:00pm
Thermal insulation is used in chemical plants primarily as a tool to prevent energy loss. However, if installed properly, an added benefit is that of...

Case Histories and Lessons Learned

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Wednesday, April 29, 2009 - 9:30am
Reviews of process safety incidents and near misses provide valuable learning opportunities. Papers dealing with incidents, near misses, and the...

Introduction to Flammable Materials

Archived Webinar
Feb 18, 2009
This webinar will provide a basic introduction to flammable materials with the purpose of providing valuable information that a practicing engineer...

A Century of Process Safety: Process Safety at OSHA

Conference Presentation
AIChE Annual Meeting
Monday, November 17, 2008 - 12:00pm-12:30pm
This presentation will provide a brief history of OSHA's efforts in process safety management. It will include discussion of the PSM standard and...

Avoid Chemical Reactivity Incidents in Warehouses

Scott Berger, Peter Lodal, J. Wayne Chastain, William W. Doerr, Scott Berger and Peter N. Lodal
Use this approach for the initial evaluation of potential reactivity hazards in storage applications.

Is Your Dust Collection System An Explosion Hazard?

Vahid Ebadat, Ph.D.
The prevalence of dust explosions in dust collection units may be due to the fact that the hazards posed by the powders handled are not fully understood or that explosion preventive and protective control measures are insufficient or absent. This...

Design an Inherently Safer Plant

Special Section
Steven T. Maher, P.E., Kristin D. Norton, P.E., Senem Surmeli
Continue to search for ways to build safety into your process — from conceptual through detailed design, to procurement and construction, and even into operation.

(Chinese) Guidelines for the Management of Change for Process Safety

January, 2013

Inherently Safer Chemical Processes: A Life Cycle Approach, 2nd Edition

December, 2008
Inherently Safer Chemical Processes presents a holistic approach to making the development, manufacture, and use of chemicals safer. It discusses strategies for substituting more benign chemicals at the development stage, minimizing risk in the transportation of chemicals, using safer processing...

Guidelines for Engineering Design for Process Safety, 2nd Edition

April, 2012
The book focuses on process safety issues in the design of chemical, petrochemical, and hydrocarbon processing facilities. It discusses how to select designs that can prevent or mitigate the release of flammable or toxic materials, which could lead to a fire, explosion, or environmental damage.

Continuous Monitoring for Hazardous Material Releases

March, 2009
Whether occurring accidentally or through acts of terrorism, catastrophic chemical releases must be identified early in order to mitigate their consequences. Continuous sensor monitoring can detect catastrophic chemical releases early enough to curb extreme amounts of damage. In several notable...

Guidelines for Safe and Reliable Instrumented Protective Systems

April, 2007
This book explains the decision-making processes for the management of instrumented protective systems (IPS) throughout a project's life cycle. It uses the new IEC 61511 standard as a basis for the work processes used to achieve safe and reliable process operation. By walking the reader through a...

Human Factors Methods for Improving Performance in the Process Industries

December, 2006
Human Factors Methods for Improving Performance in the Process Industries provides guidance for managers and plant engineering staff on specific, practical techniques and tools for addressing forty different human factors issues impacting process safety. Human factors incidents can result in injury...

Chemical Reactivity Hazard Training CD-ROM

May, 2006
The Chemical Reactivity Hazards CD is a self-paced teaching tool intended to teach people how to recognize and manage reactive chemical hazards. It provides an introduction to the topic and many online links to additional resources. The CD has three main objectives: Introduce reactive chemical...

Guidelines for Safe Handling of Powders and Bulk Solids

November, 2004
Powders and bulk solids, handled widely in the chemical, pharmaceutical, agriculture, smelting, and other industries present unique fire, explosion, and toxicity hazards. Indeed, substances which are practically inert in consolidated form may become quite hazardous when converted to powders and...

Guidelines for Preventing Human Error in Process Safety

August, 2004
Almost all the major accident investigations--Texas City, Piper Alpha, the Phillips 66 explosion, Feyzin, Mexico City--show human error as the principal cause, either in design, operations, maintenance, or the management of safety. This book provides practical advice that can substantially reduce...

Guidelines for Facility Siting and Layout

August, 2003
A resource for individuals responsible for siting decisions, this guidelines book covers siting and layout of process plants, including both new and expanding facilities. This book provides comprehensive guidelines in selecting a site, recognizing and assessing long-term risks, and the optimal lay...

Understanding Explosions

July, 2003
There are many different types of explosions, each with its own complex mechanism. Understanding explosions is important in preventing them. This reference provides valuable information on explosions for everyone involved in the operation, design, maintenance, and management of chemical processes,...

Essential Practices for Managing Chemical Reactivity Hazards

March, 2003
In its recent investigation of chemical reactivity accidents, the US Chemical Safety Board noted a gap in technical guidance and regulatory coverage. This volume closes the gap in technical guidance, helping small and large companies alike identify, address, and manage chemical reactivity hazards...

Deflagration and Detonation Flame Arresters

May, 2002
Designed for chemical engineers and other technical personnel involved in the design, operation, and maintenance of facilities and equipment where deflagration and detonation flame arresters (DDFAs) may be required, this book fosters effective application and operation of DDFAs through treatment of...

Wind Flow and Vapor Cloud Dispersion at Industrial and Urban Sites

April, 2002
A key component of risk reduction is reducing the potential consequences that could result from toxic or flammable releases. The science of vapor cloud dispersion has advanced significantly in recent years, but one of the long-standing challenges has been in accounting for dispersion around...

Guidelines for Process Safety in Batch Reaction Systems

September, 1999
Batch reaction systems pose unique challenges to process safety managers because they do not operate in a steady state. The sequence of processing steps, and frequent start-ups and shutdowns, increase the possibility of human errors and equipment failures. And, since batch plants are often designed...

Avoiding Static Ignition Hazards in Chemical Operations

September, 1999
Written by Laurence Britton, who has over 20 years' experience in the fields of static ignition and process fire and explosion hazards research, this resource addresses an area not extensively covered in process safety standards or literature: understanding and reducing potential hazards associated...

Estimating the Flammable Mass of a Vapor Cloud

July, 1999
This CCPS Concept book shows designers and operators of chemical facilities how to realistically estimate the flammable mass in a cloud of accidentally released material that is capable of igniting. It provides information on industry experience with flammable vapor clouds, basic concepts of fires...

Guidelines for Design Solutions for Process Equipment Failures

August, 1998
While there is no "perfect" solution or absolute zero risk, engineering design can significantly reduce risk potential in the CPI. In Guidelines for Design Solutions to Process Equipment Failures, industry experts offer their broad experience in identifying numerous solutions to the more common...

Guidelines for Safe Warehousing of Chemicals

June, 1998
A comprehensive understanding of the potential dangers inherent in warehousing chemicals is the first step in managing the associated risks. Written by industry professionals for warehouse operators, designers, and all who are concerned with the safe warehousing of chemicals, this book offers a...

Guidelines for Pressure Relief and Effluent Handling Systems

March, 1998
Current industry, government and public emphasis on containment of hazardous materials makes it essential for each plant to reduce and control accidental releases to the atmosphere. Guidelines for Pressure Relief and Effluent Handling Systems meets the need for information on selecting and sizing...

Electrostatic Ignitions of Fires and Explosions

July, 1997
Tom Pratt, a long-time process safety practitioner and lecturer in electrostatic safety, wrote this book to educate industry in the basics of electrostatics. It offers a selected collection of information designed to give readers the tools they need to examine the hazard potential of common...
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