Process Safety Technical Areas

Reduce VOC and HAP Emissions

Environmental Management
Edward C. Moretti 
Follow this roadmap to understand the abatement technologies available for controlling emissions of volaitle organic compounds and hazardous air pollutants and the criteria for choosing among them.

Predesign with Safety in Mind

Gael D. Ulrich
This article will help you develop strong safety instincts that will guide you in making critical decisions in the preliminary design phase.

Reliability for Safety Instrumented Systems

J. Patrick Williams
This article offers a detailed reliability-based methodology for determining the safety integrity level of instrumented systems by providing overpressure protection where arrangements of multiple pressure-relief valves are impractical to implement.

Addressing the Hazards of Data Omission from MSDSs

James C. Mulligan
If certain chemicals lack physical hazards data, suppliers must be proactive to keep workers safe. Here’s how to determine dust flammability and reactivity data for inclusion on MSDSs.

CEP: YPOV - Engineering Cyber Security

Arjun Gopalratnam
Between March and April 2010, a powerful but seemingly limited computer worm, now referred to as Stuxnet, infected computers around the world, beginning in Iran and spreading to Indonesia and India. A recently published book uncovers findings on the origin of the worm and raises concerns that are relevant to chemical engineers everywhere.

Managing Transportation Safety and Security Risks

Brad A. Fuller
Effective transportation risk management (TRM) balances safety and security with operational efficiency. When developing a TRM program, use this comprehensive framework and these practical techniques to identify and screen risks.

PSM Metrics Impact on Process Safety Culture

Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 15, 2011
Several years ago our facility recognized the need to expand from a PSM Program managed by a small group to a PSM Culture owned by the full facility...

Making Existing Process Plants Inherently Safer

Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 14, 2011
Making process plants inherently safer has obvious advantages and is easiest to do when designing a new plant. Modification of existing plants to...

Ignition of Dust Layers by Mechanical Sparks

Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 14, 2011
Dust explosions represent a considerable safety risk in process industry. Statistical records of dust explosions show that 32.7 % of these explosions...

Implementation of PSM In Capital Projects

Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 14, 2011
It is critical to embed Process Safety Management in the capital project system to help achieve a safe start-up. This is the foundation for assuring...

LOPA – Validating Human IPLs and Ies

Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 14, 2011
Layer of Protection Analysis (LOPA) is a simplified risk assessment method that provides an order of magnitude estimate of the risk of a potential...

Inherent Safety In Front End Engineering

Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 14, 2011
The best time to apply the principles of inherent safety is during the early stages of a design. In particular it is at the early stages that the ?...

Human Performance Training

Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 13, 2011
Operator competency has been a major challenge for the petrochemical and refining industry for decades. In recent times, human factors are believed...

Modification of Risk Using Barrier Methodology

Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 23, 2010
Risk assessments use frequency data mostly from generic sources, typically from the North Sea offshore environment or from process facility records...

Consequence Modeling of Chlorine Release

Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 22, 2010
This paper describes the Consequence Modeling of Chlorine release from a Chlor Alkali plant as a part of Process Hazard Analysis. The objective was...

Modeling Small Releases from Tanks

Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 22, 2010
The methodologies in the chapter on “Dispersion Modeling” in the CCPS book Guidelines for Consequence Analysis of Chemical Releases, provide means...

How to Evaluate Process Safety Culture

Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 22, 2010
At first glance it may seem that organizational culture is subjective and therefore difficult to measure. Indeed, even the definition of culture...
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