Process Safety Technical Areas

Ignition of Dust Layers by Mechanical Sparks

Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 14, 2011
Dust explosions represent a considerable safety risk in process industry. Statistical records of dust explosions show that 32.7 % of these explosions...

Implementation of PSM In Capital Projects

Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 14, 2011
It is critical to embed Process Safety Management in the capital project system to help achieve a safe start-up. This is the foundation for assuring...

LOPA – Validating Human IPLs and Ies

Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 14, 2011
Layer of Protection Analysis (LOPA) is a simplified risk assessment method that provides an order of magnitude estimate of the risk of a potential...

Inherent Safety In Front End Engineering

Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 14, 2011
The best time to apply the principles of inherent safety is during the early stages of a design. In particular it is at the early stages that the ?...

Making Existing Process Plants Inherently Safer

Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 14, 2011
Making process plants inherently safer has obvious advantages and is easiest to do when designing a new plant. Modification of existing plants to...

Human Performance Training

Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 13, 2011
Operator competency has been a major challenge for the petrochemical and refining industry for decades. In recent times, human factors are believed...

Modification of Risk Using Barrier Methodology

Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 23, 2010
Risk assessments use frequency data mostly from generic sources, typically from the North Sea offshore environment or from process facility records...

Modeling Small Releases from Tanks

Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 22, 2010
The methodologies in the chapter on “Dispersion Modeling” in the CCPS book Guidelines for Consequence Analysis of Chemical Releases, provide means...

How to Evaluate Process Safety Culture

Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 22, 2010
At first glance it may seem that organizational culture is subjective and therefore difficult to measure. Indeed, even the definition of culture...

Atmospheric Storage Tank Explosion Modeling

Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 22, 2010
Many flammable products are usually stored in large vessels at atmospheric pressure. Ignition of an hydrocarbon-air mixture in such tanks can lead to...

Consequence Modeling of Chlorine Release

Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 22, 2010
This paper describes the Consequence Modeling of Chlorine release from a Chlor Alkali plant as a part of Process Hazard Analysis. The objective was...

Consistent Consequence Severity Estimation

Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 21, 2010
LOPA, as a semi-quantitative analysis, often provides inconsistent results. This can be due to physical differences between units but often it is due...

HAZOP, LOPA, SIL: Be Careful What You Ask for!

Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 21, 2010
In recent years Process Safety Engineers have promoted the use of HAZOP to identify hazards and assess safeguards, followed by LOPA to identify if...

Assessing the Burning Rate of Solid Oxidizers

Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 21, 2010
A method for assigning solid oxidizers and products containing oxidizers to an NFPA Class was developed. The method consists of two reaction-to-fire...

Explosion Prevention and Mitigation

Global Congress on Process Safety
Apr 30, 2009
The analysis, prevention, protection and mitigation of fire, explosion, and reactivity hazards continue to be important to the loss prevention...
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