Process Safety Technical Areas

Designing Resilient Engineered Systems

April
2006
Safety
Susan M. Mitchell
By viewing resiliency as a property of complex systems, it may be possible to develop resilient systems that can withstand unanticipated failures without disastrous consequences.

Addressing Combustible Dust Hazards

May
2011
Back To Basics
Judy Perry
Facilities that handle or generate dusts are at risk for explosions and flash fires. Follow this approach to understand and mitigate your combustible dust hazards.

Understanding Reactive Chemical Incidents

March
2004
Safety
John F.  Murphy
In order to avoid incidents involving reactive chemical hazards, it is useful to understand the types of chemicals and types of equipment involved, as well as the root causes of the incidents.

Screening Reactive Chemical Hazards

May
2006
Safety
Yen-Shan Liu
Use these tools to identify potentially reactive chemical hazards and avoid the expense of conducting numerous detailed hazard assessments.

Classifying Reactive Chemicals

March
2004
Safety
M. Sam Mannan
This simple classification scheme can be used to characterize the thermal instability risks posed by reactive chemicals in a process.

Reduce VOC and HAP Emissions

June
2002
Environmental Management
Edward C. Moretti 
Follow this roadmap to understand the abatement technologies available for controlling emissions of volaitle organic compounds and hazardous air pollutants and the criteria for choosing among them.

Predesign with Safety in Mind

July
2006
Safety
Gael D. Ulrich
This article will help you develop strong safety instincts that will guide you in making critical decisions in the preliminary design phase.

Reliability for Safety Instrumented Systems

September
2004
Instrumentation
J. Patrick Williams
This article offers a detailed reliability-based methodology for determining the safety integrity level of instrumented systems by providing overpressure protection where arrangements of multiple pressure-relief valves are impractical to implement.

PSM Metrics Impact on Process Safety Culture

Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 15, 2011
Several years ago our facility recognized the need to expand from a PSM Program managed by a small group to a PSM Culture owned by the full facility...

Implementation of PSM In Capital Projects

Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 14, 2011
It is critical to embed Process Safety Management in the capital project system to help achieve a safe start-up. This is the foundation for assuring...

LOPA – Validating Human IPLs and Ies

Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 14, 2011
Layer of Protection Analysis (LOPA) is a simplified risk assessment method that provides an order of magnitude estimate of the risk of a potential...

Inherent Safety In Front End Engineering

Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 14, 2011
The best time to apply the principles of inherent safety is during the early stages of a design. In particular it is at the early stages that the ?...

Making Existing Process Plants Inherently Safer

Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 14, 2011
Making process plants inherently safer has obvious advantages and is easiest to do when designing a new plant. Modification of existing plants to...

Ignition of Dust Layers by Mechanical Sparks

Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 14, 2011
Dust explosions represent a considerable safety risk in process industry. Statistical records of dust explosions show that 32.7 % of these explosions...

Human Performance Training

Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 13, 2011
Operator competency has been a major challenge for the petrochemical and refining industry for decades. In recent times, human factors are believed...

Modification of Risk Using Barrier Methodology

Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 23, 2010
Risk assessments use frequency data mostly from generic sources, typically from the North Sea offshore environment or from process facility records...

Atmospheric Storage Tank Explosion Modeling

Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 22, 2010
Many flammable products are usually stored in large vessels at atmospheric pressure. Ignition of an hydrocarbon-air mixture in such tanks can lead to...

Consequence Modeling of Chlorine Release

Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 22, 2010
This paper describes the Consequence Modeling of Chlorine release from a Chlor Alkali plant as a part of Process Hazard Analysis. The objective was...
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