Safe Design

Safe design of processes must consider the full spectrum of design and risk management opportunities ranging from reducing potential consequences via Inherently Safer Design (ISD) to reducing risk through process and job design. Since ISD can be robust and reliable, it is a good place to start. Also, check out this article on Remote Isolation and Shut Off

Inherently Safer Chemical Processes: A Life Cycle Approach, 2nd Edition

December, 2008
Inherently Safer Chemical Processes presents a holistic approach to making the development, manufacture, and use of chemicals safer. It discusses strategies for substituting more benign chemicals at the development stage, minimizing risk in the transportation of chemicals, using safer processing...

Inherently Safer Design

eLearning (online) Course
This SAChE course provides information for understanding inherently safer design of chemical processes and plants.

Heat Exchanger Design and Operations

Instructor-led (classroom) Course
This course is ideal for chemical and mechanical engineers who are engaged in plant operations, technical services, and project design; or with...

Guidelines for Engineering Design for Process Safety, 2nd Edition

April, 2012
The book focuses on process safety issues in the design of chemical, petrochemical, and hydrocarbon processing facilities. It discusses how to select designs that can prevent or mitigate the release of flammable or toxic materials, which could lead to a fire, explosion, or environmental damage.

Guidelines for Process Safety in Bioprocess Manufacturing Facilities

November, 2010
This book helps advance process safety in a key area of interest. Currently, no literature exists which is solely dedicated to process safety for the bioprocessing industry. There are texts, guidelines, and standards on biosafety at the laboratory level and for industrial hygiene, but no guidelines...

Continuous Monitoring for Hazardous Material Releases

March, 2009
Whether occurring accidentally or through acts of terrorism, catastrophic chemical releases must be identified early in order to mitigate their consequences. Continuous sensor monitoring can detect catastrophic chemical releases early enough to curb extreme amounts of damage. In several notable...

Guidelines for Safe and Reliable Instrumented Protective Systems

April, 2007
This book explains the decision-making processes for the management of instrumented protective systems (IPS) throughout a project's life cycle. It uses the new IEC 61511 standard as a basis for the work processes used to achieve safe and reliable process operation. By walking the reader through a...

Guidelines for Mechanical Integrity Systems

July, 2006
In recent years, process safety management system compliance audits have revealed that organizations often have significant opportunities for improving their Mechanical Integrity programs. As part of the Center for Chemical Process Safety's Guidelines series, Guidelines for Mechanical Integrity...

Guidelines for Safe Handling of Powders and Bulk Solids

November, 2004
Powders and bulk solids, handled widely in the chemical, pharmaceutical, agriculture, smelting, and other industries present unique fire, explosion, and toxicity hazards. Indeed, substances which are practically inert in consolidated form may become quite hazardous when converted to powders and...

Guidelines for Preventing Human Error in Process Safety

August, 2004
Almost all the major accident investigations--Texas City, Piper Alpha, the Phillips 66 explosion, Feyzin, Mexico City--show human error as the principal cause, either in design, operations, maintenance, or the management of safety. This book provides practical advice that can substantially reduce...

Guidelines for Facility Siting and Layout

August, 2003
A resource for individuals responsible for siting decisions, this guidelines book covers siting and layout of process plants, including both new and expanding facilities. This book provides comprehensive guidelines in selecting a site, recognizing and assessing long-term risks, and the optimal lay...

Understanding Explosions

July, 2003
There are many different types of explosions, each with its own complex mechanism. Understanding explosions is important in preventing them. This reference provides valuable information on explosions for everyone involved in the operation, design, maintenance, and management of chemical processes,...

Essential Practices for Managing Chemical Reactivity Hazards

March, 2003
In its recent investigation of chemical reactivity accidents, the US Chemical Safety Board noted a gap in technical guidance and regulatory coverage. This volume closes the gap in technical guidance, helping small and large companies alike identify, address, and manage chemical reactivity hazards...

Deflagration and Detonation Flame Arresters

May, 2002
Designed for chemical engineers and other technical personnel involved in the design, operation, and maintenance of facilities and equipment where deflagration and detonation flame arresters (DDFAs) may be required, this book fosters effective application and operation of DDFAs through treatment of...

Guidelines for Process Safety in Batch Reaction Systems

September, 1999
Batch reaction systems pose unique challenges to process safety managers because they do not operate in a steady state. The sequence of processing steps, and frequent start-ups and shutdowns, increase the possibility of human errors and equipment failures. And, since batch plants are often designed...

Avoiding Static Ignition Hazards in Chemical Operations

September, 1999
Written by Laurence Britton, who has over 20 years' experience in the fields of static ignition and process fire and explosion hazards research, this resource addresses an area not extensively covered in process safety standards or literature: understanding and reducing potential hazards associated...

Guidelines for Design Solutions for Process Equipment Failures

August, 1998
While there is no "perfect" solution or absolute zero risk, engineering design can significantly reduce risk potential in the CPI. In Guidelines for Design Solutions to Process Equipment Failures, industry experts offer their broad experience in identifying numerous solutions to the more common...

Guidelines for Safe Warehousing of Chemicals

June, 1998
A comprehensive understanding of the potential dangers inherent in warehousing chemicals is the first step in managing the associated risks. Written by industry professionals for warehouse operators, designers, and all who are concerned with the safe warehousing of chemicals, this book offers a...

Guidelines for Pressure Relief and Effluent Handling Systems

March, 1998
Current industry, government and public emphasis on containment of hazardous materials makes it essential for each plant to reduce and control accidental releases to the atmosphere. Guidelines for Pressure Relief and Effluent Handling Systems meets the need for information on selecting and sizing...

Electrostatic Ignitions of Fires and Explosions

July, 1997
Tom Pratt, a long-time process safety practitioner and lecturer in electrostatic safety, wrote this book to educate industry in the basics of electrostatics. It offers a selected collection of information designed to give readers the tools they need to examine the hazard potential of common...

Guidelines for Safe Storage and Handling of Reactive Materials

September, 1995
With new and growing interest in dealing with the hazards of reactive chemicals, this book offers guidelines that can significantly reduce the risk or mitigate the severity of accidents associated with storing and handling reactive materials. Necessary elements of a reliable system to prevent...

Guidelines for Chemical Reactivity Evaluation and Application to Process Design

April, 1995
Drawn from international sources, this book provides principles and strategies for the evaluation of chemical reactions, and for using this information in process design and management. A useful resource for engineers who design, start-up, operate, and manage chemical and petrochemical plants, the...

Guidelines for Process Safety Fundamentals in General Plant Operations

April, 1995
At last, a book that covers safety procedures and standards with information that is rarely available outside of proprietary materials. A comprehensive source for basic and essential operations and procedures in use in any facility, the book offers chemical operators and first line supervisors...

Guidelines for Safe Automation of Chemical Processes

October, 1993
Increased automation reduces the potential for operator error, but introduces the possibility of new types of errors in design and maintenance. This book provides designers and operators of chemical process facilities with a general philosophy and approach to safe automation, including independent...

Safety in the LNG Value Chain

Dec 12, 2012
In this webinar, presenters describe and examine potential LNG (liquefied natural gas) hazards and risk-reduction methods for the LNG value chain ―...

Make Your Existing Plant Inherently Safer

Special Section
Jack Chosnek, Victor H. Edwards, P.E.
Don't overlook opportunities to build more safety into a process that is already in operation.

Design an Inherently Safer Plant

Special Section
Kristin D. Norton, P.E., Senem Surmeli, Steven T. Maher, P.E.
Continue to search for ways to build safety into your process — from conceptual through detailed design, to procurement and construction, and even into operation.

Designing Resilient Engineered Systems

Susan M. Mitchell
By viewing resiliency as a property of complex systems, it may be possible to develop resilient systems that can withstand unanticipated failures without disastrous consequences.

Predesign with Safety in Mind

Gael D. Ulrich, Palligarnai T. Vasudevan
This article will help you develop strong safety instincts that will guide you in making critical decisions in the preliminary design phase.

Inherent Safety In Front End Engineering

Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 14, 2011
The best time to apply the principles of inherent safety is during the early stages of a design. In particular it is at the early stages that the ?...

Implementation of PSM In Capital Projects

Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 14, 2011
It is critical to embed Process Safety Management in the capital project system to help achieve a safe start-up. This is the foundation for assuring...

Making Existing Process Plants Inherently Safer

Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 14, 2011
Making process plants inherently safer has obvious advantages and is easiest to do when designing a new plant. Modification of existing plants to...

HAZOP, LOPA, SIL: Be Careful What You Ask for!

Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 21, 2010
In recent years Process Safety Engineers have promoted the use of HAZOP to identify hazards and assess safeguards, followed by LOPA to identify if...

Food and Consumer Products Process Hazards

Global Congress on Process Safety
Apr 28, 2009
The Food and Consumer Products area has significant hazards and risks from dust and flammable liquid explosions as well as from toxic releases...

Fires, Explosions and Reactive Chemicals

Global Congress on Process Safety
Apr 27, 2009
The analysis, prevention, protection and mitigation of fire, explosion, and reactivity hazards continue to be important to the loss prevention...

Guidelines for the Management of Change for Process Safety

March, 2008
Guidelines for the Management of Change for Process Safety provides guidance on the implementation of effective and efficient Management of Change (MOC) procedures, which can be applied to improve process safety. In addition to introducing MOC systems, the book describes how to design an initial...
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