Organic solar cells offer several advantages over their inorganic cousins. They are amenable to solution-based processing, such as inkjet or roll-to-roll printing, which have lower capital and manufacturing costs. In addition, organic materials can be chemically customized and are lightweight and flexible, opening up opportunities for new applications. While progress has been made toward this potential, further gains will require a better understanding of the relationships among molecular structure, materials processing, film morphology, and device performance.
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