Improving Corn Stover Reactivity In Low Severity Pretreatment Through Deacetylation and Disc-Refining

Sustainable Engineering Forum
2011 AIChE Annual Meeting
AIChE Annual Meeting
October 18, 2011 - 8:00pm

The current “state-of-art” dilute acid pretreatment to produce bio-ethanol from corn stover requires severe conditions to overcome biomass recalcitrance, which, in turn, offers 70~80% xylose monomer yield and 5~7% furfural yield. However, high acid loadings and high reaction temperatures harm the economic feasibility of the process. In addition, the amount of acetate and furfural produced during pretreatment is in a range that strongly inhibits cell growth and impedes ethanol fermentation. To decrease the impact of these issues, deacetylation, pretreatment with lower acid concentrations, lower temperatures, and integration of disc-refining was carried out in this work. The results show that deacetylation with dilute NaOH (0.1M) combined with low severitydilute-acid pretreatment increased corn stover reactivity by increasing the xylose monomer yield by 20% in pretreatment while degradation of xylan to furfural remained under 2%. Glucose yield increased by 10% and xylose yield by 20% during dilute solids enzymatic hydrolysis as a result of deacetylation of the feedstock prior to pretreatment. Particle size reduction by mechanical refining after pretreatment is shown to assist achieving> 90% cellulose yield in high solids (20 wt% total solids) enzymatic hydrolysis. Bioscreen C growth assays and mini fermentation at high solids (20wt%) showed less toxicity of deacetylated pretreated corn stover and enhanced xylose utilization by 20%.
Professional Development Hours
0.5 PDHs
You will be able to download and print a certificate for these PDH credits once the content has been viewed. If you have already viewed this content, please click here to login.

Would you like to access this content?

No problem. You just have to complete the following steps.

You have completed 0 of 2 steps.

  1. Log in

    You must be logged in to view this content. Log in now.

  2. Purchase Technical Presentation

    You must purchase this technical presentation using one of the options below.
    If you already purchased this content recently, please click here to refresh the system's record of ownerships.


Credits 0.5 Use credits
List Price $25.00 Buy now
AIChE Members $15.00 Buy now
AIChE Undergraduate Student Members Free Free access
AIChE Graduate Student Members $15.00 Buy now