Improving High Throughput Genome-Scale Metabolic Model Reconstruction and Validation with Tnseq Data Using Modelseed 2 Conference: Conference on Constraint-Based Reconstruction and Analysis (COBRA)Year: 2018Proceeding: 5th Conference on Constraint-Based Reconstruction and Analysis (COBRA 2018)Group: Poster SessionSession: Poster Session Time: Sunday, October 14, 2018 - 6:00pm-7:00pm Authors: Faria, J. P., Argonne National Laboratory Edirisinghe, J. N., Argonne National Laboratory Liu, F., University of Minho Seaver, S. M. D., Argonne National Laboratory Jeffryes, J. G., Argonne National Laboratory Zhang, Q., Argonne National Laboratory Weisenhorn, P., Argonne National Laboratory Sadkhin, B., Argonne National Laboratory Gupta, N., Argonne National Laboratory Gu, T., Argonne National Laboratory Henry, C. S., Argonne National Laboratory The Department of Energy Systems Biology Knowledgebase (KBase) is a platform designed to solve the grand challenges of Systems Biology. KBase has implemented bioinformatics tools that allow for multiple workflows including genome annotation, comparative genomics, and metabolic modeling. We selected a phylogenetically diverse set of approximately 1000 genomes and constructed draft genome-scale metabolic models (GSMMs) using the ModelSEED pipeline implemented in KBase. We used these 1000 genomes as a test set to improve the quality of models produced by the ModelSEED. First, we curated our mapping of RAST functional roles to biochemistry by reconciling with data mined from KEGG and published metabolic models; we corrected errors in our reaction reversibility assertions to improve overall model constraints; we applied a new method to predict auxotrophy across all 1000 genomes to predict improved gapfilling media; we refined our gapfilling procedure to prevent draft models from our pipeline from overproducing ATP; and we process all models through the Memote pipeline, accompanying complete reconstructions with Memote reports. We show how all of our pipeline improvements increase the number of gene associations, decrease the number of gapfilled reactions, improve the accuracy of growth and ATP production yield predictions, and decrease the number of blocked reactions across all models. The addition of Memote to our pipeline enables us to provide a measure for model quality that is consistent across reconstruction platforms. We show how auxotrophy, and pathway presence varies across our 1000 training-set genomes along the phylogenetic tree. We also plot model quality across the phylogenetic tree, identify taxa where model quality is lower. Finally, we select five specific genomes for which comprehensive TN-seq data is available, and we compare model predictions of all data with experimental results, showing significant improvement in accuracy between models generated by the original ModelSEED and models from ModelSEED 2.