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(95i) Defluidization Behaviour of Industrial Reactive Powders at High Temperature

Authors: 
Macri', D., University College London
Lettieri, P., University College London - Torrington Place
Fluidized bed reactors are used in a wide range of industrial chemical processes, and they are particularly useful in high temperature systems thanks to their ability to provide high heat transfer rates and rapid solids mixing which lead to isothermal and more controllable conditions. Their applications spread the environmental, chemical, energy and process industries. For example, they are a key technology in the petroleum industry, catalytic chemicals synthesis processes, combustion and gasification of solid fuels (coal, wastes and biomass), metals productions and many more.

Use of fluidized beds in combustion-type operations may lead to particles sintering and bed agglomeration, which again may result in defluidization, unscheduled process downtime and additional costs. However, the details of the physical mechanisms behind such phenomena are still not entirely understood. Despite the countless researches that have been done so far, such processes still disclose unrevealed features and challenge the researchers worldwide.

The objective of this paper is to assess the effect of high temperature on the flow properties and fluidization behaviour of mixtures of carbon coke and two different titanium ores, namely synthetic and natural rutile. To this end, a simple approach for the early detection of agglomeration in the regimes of incipient fluidization -where the carbon combustion causes defluidization- will be followed. Such a monitoring approach is based on the simultaneous measurements of local temperatures and the pressure drop across the particles bed.

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