(56d) Protecting Environment and Assuring Smooth Energy Transfer Using Ionic Liquids | AIChE

(56d) Protecting Environment and Assuring Smooth Energy Transfer Using Ionic Liquids


Qureshi, M. F. - Presenter, Qatar University
Khraisheh, M., Qatar University
AlTamash, T., Qatar University
Atilhan, M., Texas A&M University
Gas hydrates are ice-liked crystalline compounds that are formed when small gas molecules get trapped within the water molecules under high pressure and low temperature conditions in oil and gas transmission lines. The formation of these hydrates is a major threat to oil and gas industry as they have tendency to agglomerate and completely block the oil and gas transmission lines, which may lead to an explosion or cause unwanted operations shut down. Therefore, annually industry spends around 1 billion US dollars on hydrate prevention procedures which includes extensive use of chemical inhibitors.

These chemical inhibitors are generally classified as thermodynamic hydrate inhibitors (THI) and kinetic hydrate inhibitors (KHI). The thermodynamic hydrate inhibitors function by shifting hydrate dissociation temperature to lower values and kinetic hydrate inhibitors function by delaying the hydrate formation time. The commercial THI like Methanol and Mono-ethylene glycol (MEG) perform well, but these inhibitors are required in large quantities (> 30 wt%) and cannot be easily disposed of into the environment. Therefore, there is a strong industrial need to design inhibitors that are environmentally friendly and are required in low dosage.

Ionic liquids (ILs) well known as ionic fluids are type of an organic salts that have low melting points and tendency to stay in a liquid form at low or ambient temperature. Ionic liquids are extensively being used in different chemical processes due to their negligible vapour pressure and low viscosity. Recently, ionic liquid have been recognized as the dual functional inhibitors as they have tendency to perform as kinetic hydrate inhibitor and thermodynamic hydrate inhibitor simultaneously.

In this experimental based work the thermodynamic inhibition (TI) and kinetic inhibition (KI) effect of ionic liquids (ILs) 1-Methyl-1-Propyl-pyrrolidinium Chloride [PM-Py][Cl] and 1-Methyl-1-Propyl-pyrrolidinium Triflate [PM-Py][Triflate] have been investigated on a methane rich gas mixture at different concentrations and pressure ranges (40-120 bars). The effect of addition of synergents with ionic liquids has been also studied and the experimental results have been compared with the commercial thermodynamic inhibitor methanol and literature data. All the experimental work has been conducted using PSL systemtecknik rocking cell assembly.


This work was made possible by NPRP grant # 6-330-2-140 and GSRA # 2-1-0603-14012 from the Qatar National Research Fund (a member of Qatar Foundation). The statements made herein are solely the responsibility of the authors.