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(745f) Multi-Period Optimization Approach to Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Systems for Closed Power Cycle

Authors: 
Hernández-Romero, I. M., Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo
Nápoles-Rivera, F., Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo
Fuentes-Cortes, L. F., Instituto Tecnológico de Celaya
Flores-Tlacuahuac, A., Tecnologico de Monterrey
Rising global energy demands and rising electricity costs, growing concern about global warming and political commitment to energy security have led to increased interest in research and development of renewable energy technologies. Ocean thermal energy conversion systems (OTEC) represent an attractive economic alternative in communities where a high percentage of electricity production is based on oil. This power generation technology uses the temperature difference between the deep cold water and warm surface water of the ocean to produce electricity using the principles of the Rankine cycle. This paper presents a problem of non-linear programming optimization (NLP), multi-period and multi-objective for the analysis of these systems. The mathematical formulation considers the thermodynamic, economic and exergetic approaches. In addition, the model is composed of mass and energy balances, design equations, non-linear thermodynamic and technical constraints and cost calculations. Finally, maximizing the exergetic efficiency of the cycle is considered as objective function. Hourly and seasonal energy consumption data from a given housing complex and seasonal variation data from ocean temperature, are considered for the analysis and design of the thermodynamic cycle.