(612d) From 13c Labeling Data to a Core Metabolism Kinetic Model: A Kinetic Model Parameterization Pipeline

Foster, C. - Presenter, Pennsylvania State University
Gopalakrishnan, S., The Pennsylvania State University
Srinivasan, S., University of Toronto
Dash, S., The Pennsylvania State University
Antoniewicz, M. R., University of Delaware
Maranas, C. D., The Pennsylvania State University
Kinetic models of metabolic networks offer the promise of quantitative phenotype prediction. The mechanistic characterization of enzyme catalyzed reactions allows for tracing the effect of perturbations in metabolite concentrations and reaction fluxes in response to genetic and environmental perturbation that are beyond the scope of stoichiometric models. In this study, we develop a two-step computational pipeline for the rapid parameterization of kinetic models of metabolic networks using a curated metabolic model and available 13C-labeling distributions under multiple genetic and environmental perturbations. The first step involves the elucidation of all intracellular fluxes in a core model of E. coli containing 74 reactions and 61 metabolites using 13C-Metabolic Flux Analysis (13C-MFA). Here, fluxes corresponding to the mid-exponential growth phase are elucidated for seven single gene deletion mutants from upper glycolysis, pentose phosphate pathway and the Entner-Doudoroff pathway. The computed flux ranges are then used to parameterize the same (i.e., k-ecoli74) core kinetic model for E. coli with 55 substrate-level regulations using the newly developed K-FIT parameterization algorithm. The K-FIT algorithm employs a combination of equation decomposition and iterative solution techniques to evaluate steady-state fluxes in response to genetic perturbations. k-ecoli74 predicted 86% of flux values for strains used during fitting within a single standard deviation of 13C-MFA estimated values. By performing both tasks using the same network, errors associated with lack of congruity between the two networks are avoided, allowing for seamless integration of data with model building. Product yield predictions and comparison with previously developed kinetic models indicate shifts in flux ranges and the presence or absence of mutant strains delivering flux towards pathways of interest from training data significantly impact predictive capabilities. Using this workflow, the impact of completeness of fluxomic datasets and the importance of specific genetic perturbations on uncertainties in kinetic parameter estimation are evaluated. In addition to E. coli core metabolism, the workflow developed in this study has been applied to an expanded E. coli metabolic network (280 reactions, 275 metabolites ) and Clostridium thermocellum core metabolic network (108 reactions, 80 metabolites). Significant computational speed-up and improvements in model fitness to training data and predictive capabilities were observed over previous kinetic models parameterized with similar metabolic networks for both organisms.