(421a) Standing-Wave Design of Three-Zone, Open-Loop Non-Isocratic SMB for Purification | AIChE

(421a) Standing-Wave Design of Three-Zone, Open-Loop Non-Isocratic SMB for Purification


Harvey, D. M. - Presenter, Purdue University
Ding, Y., Purdue University
Wang, N. H. L., Purdue University
Chromatography with step changes in modulator properties such as pH, solvent strength, or ionic strength to facilitate desorption is widely used in the purification of proteins and other chemicals. Step changes can be incorporated into non-isocratic simulated moving beds; however, applications of such systems have been limited because one must select numerous operating parameters (zone velocities and port velocities). The operating parameters must be selected correctly to achieve high purity, yield, and productivity and depend on a large number of system parameters (feed, material, and equipment parameters). To address this challenge, the Standing-Wave Design method has been developed for three-zone, open-loop, non-isocratic, and non-ideal systems with both linear and non-linear isotherms. This method directly links the operating parameters to the system parameters. The operating parameters can be solved from a set of algebraic equations. This allows for operating parameters to be determined based on the new system parameters upon scale-up or scale down. Additionally the new productivity can be predicted without rate model simulations. In contrast, for non-ideal systems, previous literature design methods require extensive search using rate model simulations, which involve solving partial differential equations at each grid point. For each scale, a new search with rate model simulations is required to ensure the purity and yield is maintained. Two examples were tested for the effectiveness of the SWD method. In both examples, sorbent productivity was pressure limited. Higher pressure sorbents or equipment would lead to higher sorbent productivity. In the first example, a 3-zone open-loop simulated moving bed was designed and compared with an optimal batch step-wise elution system. Compared to batch step-wise elution systems, the 3-zone open-loop SMB can give an order of magnitude higher productivity in systems with weakly competing impurities and two orders of magnitude higher in systems with strongly adsorbing impurities. In the second example, an SMB designed using the Standing-Wave method achieved an order of magnitude higher productivity than a system designed using the Triangle Theory.