(376f) Computational Study of Liposome Formation in Coaxial Turbulent Jet Flow Using CG-MD and CFD Approaches
- Conference: AIChE Annual Meeting
- Year: 2019
- Proceeding: 2019 AIChE Annual Meeting
- Group: Computational Molecular Science and Engineering Forum
- Time: Tuesday, November 12, 2019 - 3:30pm-5:00pm
Methods: Both computational fluid dynamics (CFD), as a macro-scale simulation, and coarse-grained molecular dynamics (CG-MD), as a micro-scale investigation, have been conducted to not only reveal the detailed mechanism of liposome formation, but also implement multi-scale case studies for the process.
Results: CFD simulations were verified by comparison of flow pattern as well as formation temperature with experiments. Our CG-MD simulations indicate that MARTINI force field (FF) does not capture a realistic behavior of lipids and cholesterol in ethanol solution since the lipids aggregate which contradicts with the results of the experimentation and all-atom MD simulation. We used a versatile object-oriented toolkit for coarse-graining applications (VOTCA) to optimize MARTINI FF with reference to all-atom MD simulations. Our multi-scale simulations are in accurate agreement with experimental quantitative results and trends.
Conclusions: Discrete and continuum computational modeling of liposome formation cover micro-scale and macro-scale respectively which overlap in a short scale domain due to computational feasibility, therefore these two approaches are complementary to one another. Our CFD simulation shows that including heat of mixing in the energy equation is inevitable in order to obtain a formation temperature comparable with the experiments. Default MARTINI potential energy parameters require optimization with reference to an all-atom MD simulation for properly modeling lipids in ethanol solution.
Acknowledgements: FDA Grant# 1U01FD005773-01.
Disclaimer: This article reflects the views of the authors and should not be construed to represent FDAâs views or policies.