(416e) Effect of Combustion Particle Size on Pathologically Important Responses in Lung Cells
- Conference: AIChE Annual Meeting
- Year: 2018
- Proceeding: 2018 AIChE Annual Meeting
- Group: Topical Conference: Environmental Aspects, Applications, and Implications of Nanomaterials and Nanotechnology
- Time: Tuesday, October 30, 2018 - 4:50pm-5:10pm
cdPM with consistent properties is generated from a premixed flat-flame burner combusting a jet-fuel surrogate at an equivalence ratio of 2.5. A nitrogen shroud and a glass housing minimize atmospheric effects. cdPM consistency is verified by examining the particle size distribution and cdPM composition. The sample is then diluted, thermally denuded and directly collected in DI water by using an impinger. The cdPM sample is size segregated by a flow field flow fractionation (FlFFF) into three size ranges (100-150 nm, 150-200 nm and 200-300 nm). The different size fractions are studied for their effect on cell viability, cellular uptake, inflammatory response, cytochrome P450 (CYP) 1A1 mRNA induction. The biological outcomes are evaluated in A 549 human alveolar basal epithelial cells and in THP-1 cells, a pro-monocytic cell line that is differentiated to pulmonary macrophage-like cells. Although all size fractions of cdPM induced a significant inflammatory response compared to the control in both cell lines, the preliminary results indicated that the smallest particle fraction caused 50% more inflammatory response than the largest particle fraction. This suggests that particle size/surface area is an important factor in understanding the links between combustion particle physicochemical properties and health effects.