(408g) Superstructure Optimization of Membrane-Based Carbon Capture Systems

Authors: 
Zamarripa, M. A., National Energy Technology Laboratory
Ajayi, O., National Energy Technology Laboratory
Steckel, J. A., National Energy Technology Laboratory
Wilmer, C. E., University of Pittsburgh
Matuszewski, M. S., AristoSys, LLC, Contractor to National Energy Technology Laboratory
Miller, D. C., National Energy Technology Laboratory
This work presents the optimal design, configuration and operating conditions of a membrane-based post-combustion CO2 capture process using computationally identified mixed matrix membranes. A new mixed integer nonlinear model is presented, which includes discrete and continuous decisions to minimize the cost of electricity (COE). The simultaneous optimization of process configuration, membrane materials, and operating conditions ensures rigorous exploration of the entire feasible design space.

Membrane systems often consist of multiple stages of membranes and compressors with intercooling. Flue gas source plays a very important role, since the CO2 concentration highly affects the final plant configuration. While a simple multi-stage configuration may be optimal for concentrated CO­­2 streams, a multi-stage membrane configuration integrated with the boiler is often more effective for coal fired power plants.1 Given the importance of finding the right configuration, two approaches have been used to optimize these systems. The first approach uses simulation-based optimization that leverages commercial process simulators such as Aspen Custom Modeler or gPROMS to develop rigorous models2,3,4. Previous work has used the Framework for Optimization, Quantification of Uncertainty and Surrogates (FOQUS)2 to optimize the design and operating conditions of specific process configurations. In these approaches, the number of potential configurations that can be analyzed is limited since each must be set up individually.3,4

The second approach focuses on superstructure-based mathematical optimization of multi-stage membrane systems, which often requires simplified models for the equipment.5,6 The advantage of the second approach is that the configuration as well as the design and operating conditions may be optimized simultaneously, resulting in more cost-effective plants.

Our work leverages efforts at NETL for developing new materials for membrane-based post-combustion capture processes.2,3,4,7 An advanced superstructure-based process optimization model is developed using rigorous mathematical models for compressors, pumps, mixers, and heat exchangers and reduced order models for liquefier columns and property calculations. The current work makes use of results from a recent study4, which analyzed a large number of hypothetical mixed matrix membrane materials for carbon capture. This work addresses the aforementioned limitations by analyzing multiple potential advanced process configurations and the selection of the membrane material from a wide set of potential options while optimizing the plant operation.

[1] Merkel T. C., Lin H., Wei X., Baker R. (2010). Power plant post-combustion carbon dioxide capture: An opportunity for membranes. Journal of Membrane Science. 359, 126-139.

[2] Miller D. C., Agarwal D., Bhattacharyya D., Boverhof J., Cheah Y. W., Chen Y., Eslick J., Leek J., Ma J., Mahapatra P., Ng B., Sahinidis N. V., Tong C., Zitney S. E. (2016). Innovative computational tools and models for the design, optimization and control of carbon capture processes, Computer Aided Chemical Engineering, 38, 2391-2396.

[3] Morinelly J. E. M., David C., 2012, Post-Combustion Gas Permeation Carbon Capture System Models, AIChE Annual Meeting, Pittsburgh, PA, October 28-November 2, 2012.

[4] Budhathoki S., Ajayi O., Steckel J.A., Wilmer C.E. (2018). High-throughput computational prediction of the cost of carbon capture using mixed matrix membranes. In preparation.

[5] Hasan M. M., Baliban R. C., Elia J. A., Floudas C. A. (2012). Modeling, Simulation, and Optimization of Postcombustion CO2 Capture for Variable Feed Concentration and Flow Rate. 1. Chemical Absorption and Membrane Processes. Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research. 51, 15642-15664.

[6] Arias A. M., Mussati M. C., Mores P. L., Scenna N. J. (2016). Optimization of multi-stage membrane systems for CO2 capture from flue gas. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control. 53, 371-390.

[7] Zamarripa M. A., Ajayi O., Matuszewski M., Miller D. C., 2017, Superstructure-based optimization of membrane-based carbon capture systems. AIChE Annual Meeting, Minneapolis, MN, October 28-November 2, 2017.