(640a) Autoperforation of 2D Materials for Generating Two Terminal Memresistor Janus Particles with Nonvolatile Memory

Authors: 
Liu, P., Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Liu, A. T., Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Kozawa, D., Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Dong, J., Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Saccone, M., Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Koman, V., Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Wang, S., Zhejiang University
Wong, M., University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Strano, M., Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Due to its inherent stochasticity, brittle fracture is seldom used as a nanofabrication method. However, the imposition or templating of a specific strain field can guide fracture along a pre-set design. Herein, we show that this autoperforation provides a means of spontaneous assembly for 2D surfaces. Chemical vapor deposited mono- and bi-layer graphene, molybdenum disulfide, or hexagonal boron nitride (hBN) autoperforate into circular envelopes when sandwiching a microprinted polymer spot, allowing lift-off and assembly into solution. The resulting composite microparticles have two independently addressable, external Janus faces that we show can function as an intraparticle array of parallel, two terminal electronic devices. As an example, we print a 0.9 wt% black phosphorous (BP) nanoflake in polystyrene (PS) latex ink into mono-layer graphene sandwich particles, resulting in micro-particles possessing non-volitale, 15 bit memory storage via a spatially addressable memresistor array throughout the particle interior. Such particles form the basis of free floating devices capable of collecting and storing digital information in their environment. The 2D envelopes demonstrate remarkable chemical and mechanical stability during 4 months of preservation in aqueous media. They also survive a highly acidic gastrointestinal environment, as well as aerosolization over 0.3 meters and re-collection. Autoperforation of 2D materials into such envelope structures open the door to precise compositing of particulate devices, extending nanoelectronics into previously inaccessible environments